Kenneth R. Foster

Papers and Presentations

SEMINARS/LECTURES/PRESENTATIONS

The state of water in tissue as determined by microwave dielectric spectroscopy. Baylor University, Department of Physiology, September 1980.

Dielectric properties of tumor and normal tissues. University of Ottawa, Department of Electrical Engineering, July 1981.

Dielectric properties of tissues and heterogeneous suspensions. Talk presented to the Bureau of Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD, December 1981.

On the possible hazards of VLF radiation. Talk presented to a Workshop on VLF Radiation Hazards, Naval Medical Research and Development Command, Bethesda, MD, December 1981.

Dielectric properties of dispersed systems. Rice University, Department of Physics, May 1982.

Dielectric properties of biological materials at microwave frequencies.Drexel University, Center for Bioengineering, January 1983.

Mixture theory and transport properties of phantom tissue materials. HPC Working Group Meeting on Hyperthermia Phantoms, Allegheny Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, February, 1984.

Transport properties of heterogeneous systems. NATO Advanced Research School,Erice, Sicily, September 1984

The microwave debate. Center for Bioengineering, Drexel University, January 1985. (Also presented at Dartmouth College, Swarthmore College, Johns Hopkins University, Universities of Arizona, Illinois, Ottawa,Pennsylvania, Purdue, Rhode Island, Rochester, Utah, Tucuman (Argentina),Victoria (British Columbia), Washington University)

Transport properties of heterogeneous systems. (Invited Speaker) Argentine Dielectrics Discussion Group, La Plata, Argentina, August 1985.

Heat transport in tissues. Univ. of Maryland School of Medicine 1986.

Dielectric properties of tumor and normal tissues (Plenary Lecture).Radiation Research Society Annual Meeting, Las Vegas NV, 1986.

Dielectric properties of tumor and normal tissues. Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Department of Radiation Therapy, 1986.

Distinguished Faculty Lecturer, School of Engineering, Bucknell University, 1988. (presented several lectures and seminars).

Dielectric properties of water in biological and other suspensions Gordon Research Conference on Dielectrics, 1986.

Dielectric properties of tumor and normal tissues. Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Department of Radiation Therapy, 1986.

Currents of death: Controversy about health effects of electromagnetic fields. K. R. Foster. 16th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, State College, PA March 1990. (Plenary Lecture).

Spiraled-helix antenna for catheter ablation of myocardial tissue using microwave energy. M. S. Mirotznik, D. K. Bogen, and K. R. Foster. 16th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, State College, PA March 1990.

Dielectrophoresis and levitation of cells: How are they related and what do they show? K. R. Foster. International Conference on Biophysics of Transmembrane Electric Fields, Baltimore MD 1990.

Powerline fields and cancer? Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, 1990.(also presented at Temple University, Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania)

Health effects of nonionizing electromagnetic fields: what is the problem and what should we do about it? Harvard School of Public Health, January 1991

Health effects of electromagnetic fields - scientific basis and policy implications. Program for Assessing and Revitalizing the Social Sciences, Environmental Risk and Public Policy Seminar, University of Pennsylvania, February 22, 1990.

Health effects of nonionizing electromagnetic fields (University of New Hampshire, April 1991).

Health effects of nonionizing electromagnetic fields. Seminar at Allied Chemical Company, Philadelphia PA April 1991.

Powerline fields and cancer? IEEE Philadelphia Section, April 1991.

Currents of death? -- controversy about health effects of electromagnetic fields, Temple University Department of Physics, December 1991.

Currents of Death? - Controversy about Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Engineers' Week Special Lecture, Morristown NJ, February 1992.

Currents of death? - Controversy about health effects of electromagnetic fields. IBM Watson Laboratory, April 1992.

Health effects of electromagnetic fields - a biophysical perspective

University of Maryland School of Medicine, Biophysics Department, Baltimore MD, May 1992.

Currents of death? - Controversy about health effects of electromagnetic fields. MIT Lincoln Laboratories, May 1992.

Journalistic standards in reporting on science and health (participant in a panel discussion sponsored by Manhattan Institute, New York, July 1992)

Health Effects of Powerline Fields. IEEE Puerto Rico and Caribbean Section, San Juan PR May 1993.

Biological effects and medical applications of millimeter waves. Temple University Center for Biomedical Physics, Philadelphia PA September 1993.

Phantom Risk: What we cannot know about environmental risk. Commonwealth Club, San Francisco CA, October 1993.

Health effects of powerline fields. Seminar presented at Pennsylvania State University Sept. 1994, also presented at IEEE Susquehenna Section Nov. 1994.

Biological effects of powerline fields. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis MN, March 1995.

Radiofrequency interference with medical equipment: how great is the risk? University of Minnesota March 1995.

Radiofrequency interference with medical equipment. IEEE Engineering in Medicine Society meeting, Philadelphia PA May 1995.

Science and nonscience, science and junk science: defining the boundaries.

Manhattan Institute symposium, Washington DC June 1995.

Currents of death? The controversy about potential health effects of electromagnetic fields. Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Sept. 1995.

Health effects of wireless communications systems: what are the issues? University of Texas Health Sciences Center, San Antonio Sept. 1995.

Health effects of electromagnetic fields: real or phantom risk? Bioengineering Dept. Northwestern Univ. March 1996.

Science, junk science, and the law. Manhattan Institute, New York. Feb. 1996

Science and the Law, Manhattan Institute, New York, June 1997.

Health effects of electromagnetic fields. IEEE section, Morelia, Mexico Oct. 1998.

PAPERS PRESENTED AT PROFESSIONAL MEETINGS

The electrical resistivity of aqueous cytoplasm. K. R. Foster, J. M. Bidinger and D. O. Carpenter. Presented at the Biophysical Society 20th Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA, February 1976.

Bounds on bound water: transverse and rotating frame NMR relaxation in barnacle muscle. H. A. Resing, A. N. Garroway, and K. R. Foster. Presented at the American Chemical Society Centennial Meeting, San Francisco, CA, September 1976.

Free water and the microwave conductivity of tissue. H. P. Schwan and K. R. Foster. Presented at the USNC/URSI Annual Meeting, Amherst, MA, October 1976.

Effect of surface cooling and blood flow on the microwave heating of tissue. H. N. Kritikos, K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan. Presented at the IEEE Microwave Symposium, San Diego, CA, June 1977.

Temperature rise in tissue spheres induced by microwave radiation:a Greens function approach. H. N. Kritikos, K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan.1978 Symposium on Electromagnetic Fields, Ottawa, Canada, June 1978.

Auditory responses in cats produced by pulsed ultrasound. K. R. Foster and M. J. Wiederhold. Presented at the 1978 meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Providence, RI, May 1978.

Dielectric properties of brain tissue between 0.01 and 7 GHz. K. R. Foster,R. D. Stoy and H. P. Schwan. URSI Meeting, Helsinki, Finland, August1978.

Tissue impedance measurements using the microwave network analyzer. J. L. Schepps, A. W. Friend,Jr. and K. R. Foster. URSI National Radio Symposium,Seattle, WA, June 1979.

Microwave dielectric absorption of muscle tissue: evidence for multiple absorption mechanisms between 1 and 18 GHz. K. R. Foster, J. L. Schepps and H. P. Schwan. International IEEE Symposium, Seattle, WA, June 1979.

The state of water in tissues as indicated by microwave dielectric spectroscopy. K. R. Foster, J. L. Schepps and H. P. Schwan. International Conference on Water and Biological Systems, Bucharest, Romania, June 1980.

UHF and microwave dielectric properties of tissues: variation in tissue dielectric properties with water content. K. R. Foster and J. L. Schepps Second Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, San Antonio, TX, September 1980.

Microwave dielectric studies on tissues and heterogeneous materials. Symposium Honoring H. P. Schwan's 65th Birthday, Philadelphia, PA, November,1980.

Heat transfer in surface-cooled objects subject to microwave heating. K. R. Foster, P. S. Ayyaswamy, T. Sundararajan and K. Ramakrishna. Third Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, Washington, DC, August 1981.

UHF and microwave dielectric properties of normal and tumor tissues. J. L. Schepps and K. R. Foster. IMPI 16th Annual Symposium, Toronto, Canada, June 1981.

Anisotropic impedance properties of skeletal muscle. B. R. Epstein, R. G. Settle and K. R. Foster. 9th Annual Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Piscataway, NJ, March 1981.

Dielectric dispersion studies on nonionic microemulsions. K. R. Foster, P. C. Jenin, B. R. Epstein and R. A. Mackay. Colloid and Surface Symposium, Cleveland, OH, June 1981.

The effects of high power microwave pulses on red blood cells. S. L. Gartner, A. W. Friend, K. R. Foster and H. Howe Jr. IEEE-MTT Symposium, Los Angeles, CA, July 1981.

Dielectric properties of bone under near-normal physiological conditions.J. D. Kosterich, K. R. Foster and S. R. Pollack. First Annual Bioelectric Growth and Repair Symposium, Philadelphia, PA, September 1981.

Dielectric studies on ionic and nonionic microemulsions. B. R. Epstein, K. R. Foster and R. A. Mackay. 56th National Colloid and Surface Science Symposium, Blacksburg, VA, June 1982.

Dielectric properties of fluid saturated bone. J. D. Kosterich, K. R. Foster and S. R. Pollack. Fourth Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, Los Angeles, CA, July 1982.

Dielectric studies on ionic and nonionic microemulsions. B. R. Epstein, K. R.Foster and R. A. Mackay. Fourth Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, Los Angeles, CA, July 1982.

Dielectric properties of DNA at microwave frequencies. K. R. Foster, M. A. Stuchly and A. A. Kraszewski. Fourth Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, Los Angeles, CA, July 1982.

Dielectric properties of fluid saturated bone: the effects of fluid conductivity. J. D. Kosterich, K. R. Foster and S. R. Pollack. 29th Annual Orthopaedic Research Society Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, March 1983.

Perfused phantom tissue models for hyperthermia research. J. W. Baish, P. S. Ayyaswamy and K. R. Foster. 31st Annual Meeting of the Radiation Research Society, San Antonio, TX, February 1983.

Dielectric absorption of bound water and its relation to other transport properties of polymer solutions. E. Cheever, K. R. Foster, J. B. Leonard and F. D. Blum. 5th Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society. Boulder, CO, June 1983.

Transport properties of O/W microemulsions. K. R. Foster, E. Cheever, J. B. Leonard, F. Blum, and R. A. Mackay. American Chemical Society Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, August 1983.

Multicomponent diffusion in microemulsions. E. Cheever, K. R. Foster, F.Blum, and R. A. Mackay, American Chemical Society Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, August 1983.

Thermal properties of tissue-equivalent electromagnetic phantoms. J. B. Leonard, K. R. Foster, and T. Whit Athey, 5th Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, Boulder, CO, June 1983.

Dielectric properties of water in biological systems. H. P. Schwan and K. R. Foster, Conference on Biophysical Correlates of Cellular Function Woodlands, TX, June 1983.

Mixture theory and transport properties of phantom tissue materials. K. R. Foster, HPC Working Group Meeting on Hyperthermia Phantoms, Allegheny Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, February 1984.

Perfused phantom tissue models for microwave research. J. W. Baish, P. S.Ayyaswamy, and K. R. Foster, HPC Working Group Meeting on Hyperthermia Phantoms, Allegheny Hospital, Pittsburgh, PA, February 1984.

Electrical properties of low water content tissues. S. R. Smith and K. R. Foster, Sixth Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, Atlanta GA, July 1984.

Development of phantom tissue models for hyperthermia research. J. W. Baish, K. R. Foster, and P. S. Ayyaswamy, Eleventh Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Worcester MA, March 1985

Myocardial regional perfusion rate measurements with microwave heating and radiometry, J. B. Leonard, J. W. Baish, D. K. Bogen, and K. R. Foster, Eleventh Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Worcester MA, March 1985

Thermal modeling of vascular tissues subject to microwave heating. J. W. Baish, P. S. Ayyaswamy, and K. R. Foster, Seventh Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, San Francisco CA, June 1985 (Best Student Paper Award).

Sensitivity of microwave radiometry for detection of subcutaneous targets. E. Cheever and K. R. Foster, Seventh Annual Meeting of the Bioelectromagnetics Society, San Francisco CA, June 1985.

Dynamic phantom design: principle and practice. J. W. Baish, P. S. Ayyaswamy, and K. R. Foster. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Meeting, Chicago IL, Sept. 1985.

Radiation patterns from ridged waveguide antennas in lossy media. J. B. Leonard, E. Cheever, and K. R. Foster. 13th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Philadelphia PA March 1987.

Low frequency relaxation of suspensions of charged particles in electrolyte solution. C. Grosse and K. R. Foster, 13th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Philadelphia PA March 1987.

The use of coaxial probes for precise dielectric measurements: a reevaluation. B. R. Epstein, M. A. Gealt, and K. R. Foster. IEEE-MTT-S Microwave Symposium, Las Vegas NV, June 1987.

Thermal response of ethanol-fixed perfused kidney using microwave radiometry J. B. Leonard, D. K. Bogen, and K. R. Foster. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Ninth Annual Conference, Boston MA, November 1987.

The dielectric properties of canine normal and neoplastic splenic tissues. J. C. Astbury, M. H. Goldschmidt, S. Evans, G. W. Neibauer, and K. R. Foster. 14th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Durham NH, March 1988.

Sensitivity analysis of microwave radiometry for the detection of tumors.E. A. Cheever and K. R. Foster. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Tenth Annual Conference, New Orleans LA, November 1988.

On the selection of a bioheat equation for modeling hyperthermia treatments. J. W. Baish, K. R. Foster, and P. S.Ayyaswamy, Ninth Annual Meeting of the North American Hyperthermia Group, Seattle WA, March 1989 (Invited Paper)

Currents of death: Controversy about health effects of electromagnetic fields. K. R. Foster. 16th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, State College, PA March 1990. (Plenary Lecture).

Myocardial electrical resistivity mapping in ischemic sheep hearts and healing aneurisms. M. A. Fallert, M. S. Mirotznik, D. K. Bogen, S. W. Downing, E. B. Savage, K. R. Foster, and M. E. Josephson. 63rd Scientific Sessions of the American Heart Association, Dallas TX November 1990 (abstract published in Circulation, Vol 82: pp 451-451 (1990)

Dielectrophoresis and levitation of cells: How are they related and what do they show? K. R. Foster. International Conference on Biophysics of Transmembrane Electric Fields, Baltimore MD 1990.

Dielectrophoresis and levitation techniques for measuring the dielectric properties of colloidal particles. K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Annual Meeting, Phila. PA November 1990.

What is an "effect"? - Assessing causation in bioeffects studies. K. R. Foster, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Annual Meeting, Phila. PA November 1990.

Interaction of electromagnetic fields with biological systems. K. R. Foster.(Invited Paper). Electro/91 April 1991.

Impedance mapping of myocardial tissue during ischemia. M. S. Mirotznk, M. A. Fallert, D. K. Bogen, and K. R. Foster, 17th Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Hartford CT, April 1991.

Health effects of low-level electromagnetic fields - a challenge to the standards setting process. K. R. Foster. American National Standards Institute Public Conference, Reston VA April 1991.

Biological effects of low-frequency electromagnetic fields: science and its limits in risk assessment (Invited Presentation) American Physical Society, Washington DC (April 1991).

Biological effects of low-frequency electromagnetic fields: science and its limits in risk assessment (Invited Presentation) American Physical Society Spring Meeting, Washington DC (April 1991).

Biological effects of nonionizing electromagnetic fields (Invited presentation). Electromagnetic Energy Policy Alliance, Washington DC April 1991.

Heating characteristics of thin helical antennas. M. S. Mirotznik, N. Engheta, and K. R. Foster. Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Kingston RI, March 1992,

Heating characteristics of thin helical antennas with conducting cores. M. S. Mirotznik, N. Engheta, and K. R. Foster. 1993 IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society/URSI Radio Science Meeting, Ann Arbor MI June 1993.

Radiofrequency energy-induced myocardial lesion growth characteristics using constant power. D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, T. Kamplain, A. Cowen, A. A. Adas, M. S. Mirotznik, K. R. Foster, and C. D. Gottlieb. 1993 American Heart Association Conference, Atlanta GA, November 1993.

Radiofrequency energy-induced myocardial lesion volume and formation rate is increased using a new electrode design. D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, A. A. Adas, M. S. Mirotznik, I. Shai, K. R. Foster, C. D. Gottlieb, F. E. Marchlinski. 1993 American Heart Association Conference, Atlanta GA,November 1993.

Myocardial impedance changes with radiofrequency energy application: effects of temperature and electrode geometry. D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, T. Kamplain, A. Cowen, I. Shai, K. R. Foster, C. D. Gottlieb, 1993 American Heart Association Conference, Atlanta GA, November 1993.

Effect of chronic infarction on myocardial impedance and impedance changes induced by application of radiofrequency energy, D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, K. R. Foster, C. D. Gottlieb, F. E. Marchlinski. 1993 American Heart Association Conference, Atlanta GA, November 1993.

Effect of thermistor location on radiofrequency energy-induced myocardial lesion formation. D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, A. A. Adas, K. R. Foster, F. E. Marchlinski. 1993 American Heart Association Conference, Atlanta GA, November 1993.

What happens to a fusion zone after fusion pores are created in it? Y. K. Wu, R. A. Sjodin, K. R. Foster, and A. E. Sowers, 1992 Annual Meeting of the Biophysical Society (Biophys. J. 64: A 190 (1993).

Analysis of EMF bioeffects relevant to exposures associated with Maglev and conventional electric rail transportation. R. B. Goldberg, W. A. Creasey, K. R. Foster. Annual Review of Research on Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields from the Generation, Delivery, and Use of Electricity, Savannah, GA. Oct. 1993.

Potential biological effects of electromagnetic fields associated with Maglev and other mass transit electric rail systems. R. B. Goldberg, W. A. Creasey, and K. R. Foster. Presented at Workshop on Safety Research Related to High-Speed Rail and Maglev Passenger Systems, Federal Railroad Administration, Itasca IL Oct. 1993.

Radiofrequency energy delivery results in nonuniform heating patterns. I. Chang, M. S. Mirotznik, D. Schwartzman, C. D. Gottlieb, F. E. Marchlinski, K. R. Foster. 43rd Ann. Scientific Session, American College of Cardiology.

Left ventricular catheter endocardial mapping during sinus rhythm in chronic myocardial infarction: Correlation of electrograms with electrical impedance. D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, M. S. Mirotznik, C. D. Gottlieb,K. R. Foster, F. E. Marchlinski, 43rd Ann. Scientific Session, American College of Cardiology (1994).

Radiofrequency ablation in chronic infarction: an in vitro investigation of endocardial lesion formation and tissue electrical characteristics. D. Schwartzman, I.Chang, M. S. Mirotznik, C. D. Gottlieb, K. R. Foster, F. E. Marchlinski, 43rd Ann. Scientific Session, American College of Cardiology.

Does a thermistor probe provide useful information about electrode-tissue contact? An in vitro assessment. I. Chang, D. Schwartzman, M. S. Mirotznik, D. J. Callans, C. D. Gottlieb, K. R. Foster, F. E. Marchlinski, 1994 North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology (NASPE).

Prediction of myocardial lesion dimensions resulting from application of radiofrequency energy using a numerical model. M. S. Mirotznik, D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, C. D. Gottlieb, F. E. Marchlinski, K. R. Foster, 1994 North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology (NASPE).

Epicardial impedance changes with radiofrequency energy application in a porcine model. D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, M. S. Mirotznik, C. D. Gottlieb,K. R. Foster, F. E. Marchlinski, 1994 North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology (NASPE).

Electrical resistivity properties of normal and chronically infarcted ovine myocardium. I. Chang, M. S. Mirotznik, D. Schwartzman, C. D. Gottlieb, F. E. Marchlinski, K. R. Foster. Proc. Southeast Bioengineering Conference, April 1994.

Membrane skeleton functional properties can be probed from a new approach to the external application of controlled microforces. A. E. Sowers, J. D. Rosenberg, and K. R. Foster. American Society for Cell Biology 1994 Annual Meeting.

Measurements of permeability and tortuosity in calcaneal trabecular bone. M. J. Grimm, K. R. Foster, and J. L. Williams. 41st Ann. Meeting Orthopaedic Research Society, Feb. 13-16, 1995.

Radiofrequency field surveys in hospitals, S. Arnofsky, P. Doshi, K. R. Foster, D. Hanover, R. Mercado, D. Schleck, and M. Soltys, 21st Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Bar Harbor ME May 1995.

Computer Controlled Multielectrode Impedance Measurement System. I. Chang, C. Helfinstine, R. Gonzalez Garza, K. R. Foster, 21st Northeast Bioengineering Conference, Bar Harbor ME May 1995.

Radiofrequency interference with medical equipment: how big is the threat?Pennsylvania Society for Hospital Safety and Security and Pennsylvania Association of Health Care Risk Management, Hershey PA May 4, 1995.

Wireless communications systems: what are the risks? New Jersey Public Health Association meeting, New Brunswick NJ March 1996.Mechanisms of Interactions Between Electric Fields and Cells

K. R. Foster and A. E. Sowers, Third Michaelson Conference, Colorado Springs CO Aug. 1996.

Electromagnetic Fields: What Are The Risks? At Conference on Wireless Communications, Vermont Law School, held at Killington VT November 1996.

Mechanisms of Interaction of Radiofrequency Fields with Biological Systems As Related to Modulation. Presented at WHO-Sponsored Conference on Biological Effects of Non-Thermal Pulsed and Amplitude Modulated RF Electromagnetic Fields and Related Health Risks, Munich, Germany, November 1996. Published in Non-Thermal Effects of RF Electromagnetic Fields, International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, May 1997, pp. 47-64.

Electromagnetic fields and cancer. IEEE Communications Society, Montreal Canada June 1997.

Thermal models for microwave heating of tissue, Fourth Michaelson Conference, Canadiagua, NY August 1997.

P J Riu, K R Foster, M S Mirotznik and Leon Axel, "FDTD simulations of induced fields and SAR in the body from MRI scanners", IFMBE Meeting, Nice, France, September 1997. Published in Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol. 35 Supplement Part 2, pp. 767, 1997.

E. Grubman,A. Ardashev, B. B. Pavri, D. Shub, K. R. Foster, Simson, D. Z. Kocovic, A program for automated evaluation of the PR interval from Holder recordings. North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology (NASPE), San Diego CA May 1998.

E. Grubman,A. Ardashev, B. B. Pavri, D. Shub, K. R. Foster, Simson, D. Z. Kocovic, A program for automated evaluation of the PR interval from Holder recordings. North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology (NASPE), San Diego CA May 1998.

 A multichannel multielectrode switching system computer controlled for bioelectrical impedance measurements. R. Gonzalez-Garze,J. Delgado-Romero, I. Chang, and K. R. Foster, X International Conference on Electrical Bio-Impedance, Barcelona, Spain, April 1998.

 Whither Bioelectromagnetics? Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting, St. Petersberg FL, June 1998.

Skin Heating And Sensations of Warmth And Pain Produced by Microwaves: Data And Thermal Modeling. D. W. Blick, K. R. Foster, P. J. Riu, T. J. Walters, and E. R. Adair, Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting, St. Petersberg FL, June 1998.Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting, St. Petersberg FL, June 1998. Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting, St. Petersberg FL, June 1998.

K. R. Foster and L. S. Erdreich. Are microwave standards "thermal" – and if so, how thermal are they? Fifth Michaelson Conference, Essex MN, Aug. 1998.

K. R. Foster, Experimenters' regress and other problems of the scientific life. Fifth Michaelson Conference, Essex MN, Aug. 1998.

Setting Limits for Electromagnetic Field Exposures: Scaling Considerations Based on Mechanisms. Presented at WHO-Sponsored Conference on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields 300 Hz - 1 MHz, Maastricht The Netherlands, June 1999.

K. R. Foster, E. R. Adair, and K. S. Mylacraine , Thermal modeling of extended (45 minute) exposure of human subject to 2.45 GHz microwave energy. Bioelectromagnetic Society Annual Meeting, Long Beach CA, June 1999.

K. R. Foster, The mechanism paradox: constraints on interactions between RF fields and biological systems, Eleventh International Conference on Radiation Research, Dublin, Ireland July 1999. (Paper to appear in Radiation Research).

K. R. Foster and E. R. Adair Heat Transport in Tissues and Thermal and Spatial Averaging of Laser and Microwave Exposures, Second Workshop on Infrared Lasers and Millimeter Waves, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

D. W. Blick, K. R. Foster, T. J. Walters, and E. R. Adair, Millimeter waves, sensation, and thermal models: implications for safety standards. Sixth Michaelson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

K. R. Foster, L'Affaire Liburdy. Sixth Michaelson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

K. R. Foster, Thermal Models for Assessing Microwave Hazards,Sixth Michaelson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

K. R. Foster and J. E. Moulder, Health Effects of Mobile Phones: Recent Scientific and Policy Developments, COST259 workshop, Bergen Norway April 2000.

Health effects of RF energy: Recent scientific and policy developments. COST workshop, Bergen NO May 2000.

 Health effects of cellular telephones: recent scientific developments. K. R. Foster and J. E. Moulder, Polish GSM Conference, Warsaw, Poland, May 2000.

 Biological effects and hazards of RF fields. International School of Plasma Physics, Varenna Italy May 2000.

 Mechanisms of interaction of RF fields with biological systems, K. R. Foster and J. W. Baish, COST 244-bis workshop, Munich 10 June 2000.

 Precautionary approaches to EMF regulation. Air Force symposium on electromagnetic field exposure guidelines. Munich 11 June 2000.

Health issues related to electromagnetic field exposure. Bluetooth conference, Monte Carlo 14 June 2000.

Electromagnetic Field Exposure Standards: Unresolved Issues. 15 International Wroclaw Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Wroclaw June 2000.

Precautionary Approaches to EMF Regulation. International Symposium on Social Implications of Technology (ISTAS), Rome, September 2000.

K. R. Foster, Do ELF Bioeffects Studies Have Relevance To RF Bioeffects? FGF/COST Workshop, Bad Muenstereifel, Germany, December 2000.

Precautionary approaches to regulation of electromagnetic field exposure. Americas regional seminar on Bioeffects and WHO EMF Standards Harmonization Lima, Peru 7-9 March 2001

What science does not know about environmental risk. National Association of Environmental Law Societies, Houston TX, March 2001.

Precautionary approaches to regulation of electromagnetic field exposure. WHO EMF Standards Harmonization Meeting, Varna, Bulgaria, 28 April - 3 May 2001

Addressing the Risks of Wireless Communications. High Tech Forum on Communications Engineering, Zhuhai, China June 2001.

The Precautionary Principle. WHO Conference on the Precautionary Principle, Rome, June 2001.

Bioimpedance - Where to Next? XI International Conference on Bio-Impedance, Oslo, Norway June 2001.

Powerline Fields are Possible Carcinogens: Two Recent Repors by Health Agencies. Eighth Annual Michaelson Conference, Kalispell MN August 2001. 

Mobile phones and cancer. Portugese Electrical Engineering Association, Lisbon, Dec. 2001

Limits on microthermal heating from microwave energy. FGF forum on mechanisms of interaction of nonionizing radiation and biological systems, Dresden, Dec. 2001

Thermal modeling of human subjects exposed to microwave energy. Ninth Annual Michaelson Conference, Portland ME August 2002

K. R. Foster, J. A. D'Andrea, S. Chalfin, D. J. Hatcher, Thermal Modeling of Millimeter Wave Absorption In the Nonhuman Primate Eye At 35 and 94 GHz, Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting, Quebec Canada June 2002.

The Precautionary Principle: Commonsense or the Devil's Handywork? Sigma Xi, Newark NJ February 2002.

Biophysical limits on athermal effects of RF fields. FGF forum on genetic and cytogenetic effects of radiofrequency energy, Löwenstein, Germany, Nov. 2002

PUBLICATIONS IN REFEREED JOURNALS/TRANSACTIONS

Nuclear spin-lattice relaxation times for H2-He mixtures at 77 oK. S. Pinto-Vega, K. R. Foster and J. H. Rugheimer. J. Chem. Phys., Vol: 56, Pages 678-679, 1972.

Nuclear magnetic resonance in hydrogen-rare gas mixtures. K. R. Foster and J. H. Rugheimer. J. Chem. Phys., Vol: 56, Pages 2632-2637, 1972.

Microwave hearing: evidence for thermoacoustic auditory stimulation by pulsed microwaves. K. R. Foster and E. D. Finch. Science, Vol: 185, Pages 256-258, 1974.

An acoustical technique for measuring the temperature of maximum density of dilute aqueous solutions. K. R. Foster and E. D. Finch. J. Phys. Chem., Vol: 78, Pages 2305-2306, 1974.

The low apparent permittivity of adsorbed water in synthetic zeolites. K. R. Foster and H. A. Resing. J. Phys. Chem., Vol: 80, Pages 1390-1392, 1976.

Effect of DMSO on the dielectric properties of canine kidney tissue. K. R. Foster, R. T. Bell, R. Whittington and B. Denysyk. Cryobiology, Vol: 13, Pages 581-585, 1976.

The electrical resistivity of cytoplasm. K. R. Foster, J. M. Bidinger and D. O. Carpenter. Biophys. J., Vol: 16, Pages 991-1001, 1976.

Bounds on bound water: transverse NMR relaxation in barnacle muscle. K. R. Foster, H. A. Resing and A. N. Garroway. Science, Vol: 194, Pages 324-326, 1976.

Bounds on bound water: transverse and rotating frame NMR relaxation in muscle tissue. H. A. Resing, A. N. Garroway and K. R. Foster. In: Magnetic Resonance in Colloid and Interface Science, ACS Symposium Series, No. 34. H. A. Resing and C. G. Wade, Eds., Washington, DC, Pages 516-529, 1976.

Microwave dielectric properties of tissue: some comments on the rotational mobility of tissue water. H. P. Schwan and K. R. Foster. Biophys. J., Vol: 17, Pages 193-197, 1977.

"Bound water" in barnacle muscle as indicated by nuclear magnetic resonance studies. (Technical Comment) H. A. Resing, K. R. Foster and A. N. Garroway. Science, Vol: 198, Page 1180, 1977.

Effect of surface cooling and blood flow on the microwave heating of tissue.K. R. Foster, H. N. Kritikos and H. P. Schwan. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol: BME-25, Pages 313- 316, 1978.

Auditory responses in cats produced by pulsed ultrasound. K. R. Foster and M. L. Wiederhold. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol: 63, Pages 1199-1205,1978.

Temperature profiles in spheres due to electromagnetic heating. H. N. Kritikos, K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan. Proceedings of the 1978 Symposium on Electromagnetic Fields in Biological Systems, Pages 271-298, 1978.

Dielectric properties of brain tissue between 0.01 and 10 GHz. K. R. Foster, J. L. Schepps, R. D. Stoy, and H. P. Schwan. Phys. Med. Biol., Vol: 24, Pages 1177-1187, 1979.

RF-field interactions with biological systems: electrical properties and biophysical mechanisms. H. P, Schwan and K. R. Foster. Proc. IEEE, Vol: 68, Pages 104-113, 1980.

Nutritional assessment: whole body impedance and body fluid compartments.R. Gregg Settle, K. R. Foster and J. L. Mullen. Nutrition and Cancer: An Internat'l. J., Vol: 2(1), Pages 72-80, 1980.

Microwave dielectric relaxation in muscle: a second look. K. R. Foster, J. L. Schepps and H. P. Schwan.Biophys. J., Vol: 29, Pages 271-281, 1980.

UHF and microwave dielectric properties of normal and tumor tissues: variation in dielectric properties with tissue water content. J. L. Schepps and K. R. Foster.Phys. Med. and Biol., Vol: 25, Pages 1149-1159, 1980.

Holographic assessment of microwave hearing. C.-K. Chou, A. W. Guy, K. R. Foster, R. Galambos and D. R. Justesen. Science, Vol: 209, Pages 1143-1144, 1980.

Lack of effect of pulsed ultrasound on the mammalian EEG. A. Amin, K. R. Foster, J. Ternes and S. Takashima. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, Vol: 52, Pages 604-607, 1981.

Dielectric properties of tumor and normal tissues at RF through microwave frequencies. K. R. Foster and J. L. Schepps.J. Microwave Power, Vol: 16(2), Pages 107-119, 1981.

Variation of dielectric properties of tissues as a function of water content.K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan.Studia Biophysica, Vol: 84, Pages 31-33, 1981.

Temperature profiles in spheres due to electromagnetic heating. H. N. Kritikos, K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan.J. Microwave Power, Vol: 16(3-4), Pages 327-344, 1981.

The effects of high power microwave pulses on red blood cells and the relationship of transmembrane thermal gradients. A. W. Friend, Jr., S. L. Gartner, K. R. Foster and H. Howe, Jr. IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol: MTT-29, Pages 1271-1277,1981.

Heat transfer in surface-cooled objects subject to microwave heating. K. R. Foster, P. S. Ayyaswamy, T. Sundararajan and K. Ramakrishna.IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol: MTT-30, Pages 1158-1166,1982.

Microwave dielectric studies on proteins, tissues, and heterogeneous suspensions. K. R. Foster, J. L. Schepps and B. R. Epstein.Bioelectromagnetics, Vol: 3, Pages 29-44, 1982.

Dielectric studies on nonionic microemulsions. K. R. Foster, B. R. Epstein, P. C. Jenin and R. A. Mackay.J. Colloid. Interface Sci., Vol: 88(1), Pages 233-246, 1982.

Dielectric properties of mammalian tissues from 0.1 to 100 MHz: a summary of recent data. R. D. Stoy, K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan.Phys. Med. and Biol., Vol: 27, Pages 501-513, 1982.

Dielectric permittivity and conductivity of fluid saturated bone. J. D. Kosterich, K. R. Foster and S. R. Pollack. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol: BME-30, Pages 81-86, 1983.

Anisotropy in the dielectric properties of skeletal muscle. B. R. Epstein and K. R. Foster. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, Vol:21, Pages 51-55, 983.

Microwave dielectric properties of ionic and nonionic microemulsions. B. R. Epstein, K. R. Foster and R. A. Mackay.J Colloid. Interface Sci., Vol: 95, Pages 218-227, 1983.

Microwave dielectric absorption of DNA in aqueous solution. K. R. Foster,M. A. Stuchly, A. Kraszewski and S. S. Stuchly. Biopolymers, Vol: 23, Pages 593-599, 1984.

Dielectric properties of fluid saturated bone: effect of variation in conductivity of immersion fluid. J. D. Kosterich, K. R. Foster and S. R. Pollack.IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol: BME-31, Pages 369-374, 1984.

Thermal properties of tissue - equivalent phantom materials. J. B. Leonard, K. R. Foster, and T. W. Athey.IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol: BME-31, Pages 533-536, 1984.

Transport properties of polymer solutions. A comparative approach. K. R. Foster, E. Cheever, J. B. Leonard, and F. D. Blum. Biophysical J., Vol: 45, Pages 975-984, 1984.

Transport properties of O/W microemulsions. K. R. Foster, E. Cheever, J. B. Leonard, F. Blum and R. A. Mackay. in Macro- and Microemulsions, Theory and Practice, ACS Symposium Series,Number 272 (American Chemical Society, N. Y., 1985) Pages 275-286, 1985.

Self-diffusion of water in ionic and nonionic microemulsions. E. Cheever, F. D. Blum, K. R. Foster and R. A. Mackay. J. Colloid. Interface Science, Vol: 104, Pages 121-129, 1985.

Electrical impedance properties of the body and the problem of alternate site burns during electrosurgery. G. Neufeld and K. R. Foster. Medical Instrumentation Vol: 19(2), Pages 83-87, 1985.

Dielectric properties of low-water content tissues. S. R. Smith and K. R. Foster.Physics in Medicine and Biology, Vol: 30, Pages 965-973, 1985.

Uncertainties in compartmental modeling studied by linear programming techniques. E. Cheever and K. R. Foster. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, Vol: 24, Pages 97-99, 1986.

Dielectric properties of VX-2 carcinoma vs. normal liver tissues. S. R. Smith, K. R. Foster and J. L. Wolf.IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Vol: BME-33, Pages 522-525, 1986.

Small scale temperature fluctuations in perfused tissue during local hyperthermia. J. W. Baish, P. S. Ayyaswamy and K. R. Foster.ASME Transactions on BioMechanical Engineering Vol: 108, Pages 246-250, 1986.

Perfused phantom models of microwave irradiated tissue. J. W. Baish, K. R. Foster, and P. S. Ayyaswamy.ASME Transactions on BioMechanical Engineering Vol: 108, Pages 239-245, 1986.

Solvent self-diffusion in polymer solutions. F. D. Blum, S. Pickup and K. R. Foster. J. Colloid and Interface Science, Vol: 113(2), Pages 336-341, 1986.

The VDT debate. K. R. Foster.The American Scientist, Vol: 74(2), Pages 163-168, 1986.

The microwave problem. K. R. Foster and A. W. Guy. Scientific American, Vol: 255(3), Pages 32-39, 1986. (Reprinted as El Problema de las Microondas, Investigacion y Ciencia 122:6-14 (1986).

Heat transport mechanisms in vascular tissues: a model comparison. J. W. Baish, P. S. Ayyaswamy, and K. R. Foster.ASME Transactions on BioMechanical Engineering, Vol: 108, Pages 324-331, 1986.

Depth of penetration of fields from rectangular apertures into lossy media.E. Cheever, J. B. Leonard, and K. R. Foster IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Vol: MTT-35, Pages 865-867 (1987).

Permittivity of a suspension of charged spherical particles in electrolyte solution. C. Grosse and K. R. Foster.J. Physical Chemistry, Vol: 91, Pages 3073-3076 (1987).

"Resonances" in the dielectric absorption of DNA? K. R. Foster, B. R. Epstein, and M. A. Gealt Biophysical Journal Vol: 52, Pages 421-425 (1987).

Microwaves: the risks of risk research. K. R. Foster and W.F. Pickard. Nature, Vol. 330, Pages 531-532 (1987).

The influence of bulk diffusion on the counterion polarization in a condensed counterion model.C. Grosse and K. R. Foster.J. Physical Chemistry Vol: 91, 6415-6417 (1988).

Equation solving software for the PC.K. R. Foster Science, Vol: 240, Pages 1353-1358 (1988).

Permittivity of suspensions of metal particles in electrolyte solutions. C. Grosse, A. J. Hill, and K. R. Foster J. Colloid and Interface Sci., Vol. 127, Pages 167-172 (1989).

Dielectric properties of tissues - a review K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan CRC Critical Reviews in Bioengineering Vol. 17, Pages 25-104 (1989).

Symbolic manipulation programs for personal computers. K. R. Foster and H. Bau Science, vol. 243, pp. 679-684 (1989).

Noninvasive electrical characterization of materials at microwave frequencies using an open-ended coaxial line: test of an improved calibration technique. D. Misra, M. Chabbra, B. R. Epstein, M. Mirotznik, and K. R. Foster IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. MTT-38, pp. 8-14 (1990).

Dielectric properties of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) "whiskers".A. J. Osborn, K. R. Foster, and M. S. Wolfe. Journal ofPhysical Chemistry, vol. 95, pp. 5915-5918 (1991).

Muscle-equivalent phantom materials for 10-100 MHz. M. J. Hagmann, L. Calloway, R. L. Levin, A. J. Osborn, and K. R. Foster IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol MTT-40, pp. 760-762 (1992).

Microwave radiometry in biomedicine: what does it measure? E. Cheever and K. R. Foster. IEEE Transactions on BiomedicalEngineering. vol. 39, pp. 563-568 (1992).

Electrorotation and levitation of cells and colloidal particles. K. R. Foster, F. A. Sauer, and H. P. Schwan. Biophysical Journal vol. 63, pp. 180-190 (1992).

AC birefringence studies on colloidal particles in suspension. K. R. Foster, A. J. Osborn, and M. S. Wolfe. Journal of Physical Chemistry. vol. 96, pp. 5483-5487 (1992).

Health effects of low-level electromagnetic fields: phantom or not-so-phantom risk? K. R. Foster. Health Physics, vol. 62, pp. 429-436 (1992).

Microwave radiometry at twenty: a reappraisal. K. F. Foster and E. A. Cheever. Bioelectromagnetics vol. 13, 567-579 (1992).

Heating characteristics of thin helical antennas with conducting cores. I. Noninsulated antennas. M. S. Mirotznik, N. Engheta, and K. R. Foster.IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. vol. 41, pages 1878-1886 (1993).

Myocardial electrical impedance mapping of ischemic sheep hearts and healing aneurisms. M. A. Fallert, M. S. Mirotznik, D. K. Bogen, E. B. Savage, K. R. Foster, and M. E. Josephson. Circulation vol. 87, pages 188-207 (1993).

Phantom Risk: Scientific inference and the law. K. R. Foster, D. E. Bernstein, P. W. Huber Risk Management vol. 40 (4), pages 46-56 (1993).

Science and the toxic tort. K. R. Foster, D. Bernstein, P. W. Huber, Science vol. 261, pages 1509,1614 (1993).

Science in the Courtroom: What is valid evidence? K. R. Foster, Health and Environment Digest. vol. 8, pages 1-3 (1994).

Biological effects of power-frequency fields as they relate to carcinogenesis. J. E. Moulder and K. R. Foster, Proc Soc Exp Med Biol. 209:309-324 (1995) (invited review)

Dielectrophoretic forces and potentials induced on pairs of cells in an Electric field. K. R. Foster and A. E. Sowers.Biophysical Journal 69: 777-784 (1995)

High resolution measurements of the specific absorption rate of small Antennas in tissue. M. S. Mirotznik, E. Cheever, and K. R. Foster IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 45:754-756 (1996).

Radiofrequency field surveys in hospitals. K. R. Foster, et al. Medical Instrumentation 30:155-159 (1996).

Whole body impedance - what does it measure? K. R. Foster and H. A. Lukaski, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 64(3) S 388-S396 (1996).

Electromagnetic field effects and mechanisms: In search of an anchor. K. R. Foster, Engineering in Medicine and Biology (July 1996).

A thermal model for human thresholds of microwave-evoked warmth sensations P. J. Riu, K. R. Foster, D. W. Blick and E. R. Adair, Bioelectromagnetics 18:578-583 (1997).

Weak electromagnetic fields and cancer in the context of risk assessment K. R. Foster, L. S. Erdreich, and J. E. Moulder, Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 86 (6), pp. 733-746, 1997.

Health effects of electromagnetic fields: case studies in phantom risk. K. R. Foster J. Franklin Institute Vol 334A(1), pp. 29-42(1997).

Heating of tissue by microwaves: a model analysis. K.R. Foster, A. Lozano-Nieto, and P. J.Riu. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 19(7), pp. 420-428, 1998.

The wired classroom. K. R. Foster and R. E. Ginsberg, IEEE Spectrum (Aug. 1998)(peer-reviewed article).

The Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic of 1793, K. R. Foster, M. F. Jenkins, A. C. Toogood, Scientific American pp. 89-93 (August 1998)

Thermographic detection of breast cancer. K. R. Foster IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Volume 17 (6) 10-14 (1998).

Heating of cardiovascular stents in intense radiofrequency magnetic fields K. R. Foster, R. Goldberg, C. Bonsignore. Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 20, pp. 112-116 (1999). 

Is there a link between exposure to power-frequency electric fields and cancer? J. E. Moulder and K. R. Foster, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 18(2):109-117 (1999).

Thermal models for microwave hazards, K. R. Foster and L. S. Erdreich. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 20 Supplement 4, 52-63 (1999).

Math on the Internet. K. R. Foster IEEE Spectrum Volume 36 (4) 36-41 (1999).(Reviewed Article)

Heating of Tissue Models By Near-Field Exposure to a Dipole, P. Riu and K. R. Foster, IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering 46:911-917 (1999).

Electrical impedance properties of normal and chronically infarcted left ventricular myocardium, D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, J. J. Michele, M. S. Mirotznik, and K. R. Foster. Journal Of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 3: (3) 213-224 Oct 1999.

Heating and Pain Sensation Produced in Human Skin by Millimeter Waves: Validation of a Simple Thermal Model, T. J. Walters, D. W. Blick, L. R. Johnson, E. R. Adair, and K. R. Foster Health Physics 78: (3) 259-267,2000

Science and the precautionary principle. K. R. Foster, P. Vecchia, M. H. Repacholi. Science 288: 979-980 (2000).

Thermal and nonthermal mechanisms of interaction of radiofrequency energy with biological systems, K. R. Foster. IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 28: 17- 23 (2000). (Invited paper)

Foster KR: The mechanism paradox: Constraints on interactions between radiofrequency fields and biological systems; in Moriarty M, Mothersill C, Seymour C, et al (eds): Eleventh International Congress of Radiation Research. Lawrence, KS, Allen Press, Inc. pp 222-226, 2000.

K. R. Foster, Comment: Microwave irradiation influences on the state of human cell nuclei. Bioelectromagnetics 21 325, 2000.

Foster KR and Baish JW, Vibration of Microtubules. J. Biological Physics 26 (4):255-260, 2000.

Litvak E, Foster KR, Repacholi MH, Health and safety implications of exposure to electromagnetic fields in the frequency range 300 Hz - 10 MHz. Bioelectromagnetics 23:68-82 (2002).

K. R. Foster, C.-K. Chou, P. Riu, Use of "protective devices" for cellular telephones - A COMAR technical information statement, IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. May/June 2002, 105-106.

Ziskin MC, Adair ER, Bassen HI, Chou CK, Cohen J, D'Andrea JA, Doyle RL, Erdreich LS, Foster KR, Gandhi OP, Heynick LN, Klauenberg BJ, Leonowich JA, Lin JC, Meltz ML, Merritt JH, Miller RD, Murphy MR, Osepchuk JM, Petersen RC, Sena DT, Sutton CH, Tell RA, Varanelli AG, Walleczek J, Medical aspects of radiofrequency radiation overexposure, HEALTH PHYSICS,82(3):387-391 MAR 2002

K. R. Foster, C.-K. Chou, P. Riu, Use of "protective devices" for cellular telephones - A COMAR technical information statement, IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. May/June 2002, 105-106.

K. R. Foster et al. Electromagnetic hypersensitivity - - A COMAR technical information statement, IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Sept/Oct 173-175, 2002.

K. R. Foster, Herman Schwan und die Expositionsgrenzwerte für Mikrowellenstrahlung. Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 55:638-645 (Dec. 2002)

K. R. Foster, The precautionary principle - common sense or environmental extremism? IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 21:8-13 (2002).

P. Vecchia and K. R. Foster, Precaution and controversies-Regulating radiofrequency fields in Italy. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 21:23-27 (2002).

BOOK CHAPTERS

Dielectric properties of tissues - a review. K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan, in Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation, C. Polk and E. Postow, eds. CRC Press, 1986.

Dielectric properties of tissues - a review. K. R. Foster and H. P. Schwan, in Handbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation, C. Polk and E. Postow, eds. CRC Press, 1995. Second Edition.

Power line fields: a cancer connection? K. R. Foster, in Phantom Risk: Scientific Inference and the Law (MIT Press 1993)

Health effects of video display terminals. K. R. Foster, in Phantom Risk: Scientific Inference and the Law (MIT Press 1993)

Dielectric properties of tissues. K. R. Foster. In Handbook of Biomedical Engineering, J. Bronzino ed. CRC Press (1995).

Scientific Knowledge and the American Federal Courts, K. R. Foster and P. W. Huber, in Law and Markets, ed. By John Robson and O. Lippert (Fraser Institute, Vancouver BC, Canada, 1997)

Biological effects of electromagnetic fields with emphasis on health and safety, K. R. Foster, in Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, J. G. Webster, ed. John Wiley and Sons Vo.l. 2, pp. 357-368, 1999.

Improving the reliability of scientific testimony in court David E. Bernstein and Kenneth R. Foster, in R. L. Stroup and R. E. Meiners, Eds. Cutting Green Tape: Toxic Pollutants, Environmental Regulation and the Law, Transaction Publ. Co., 2000.  

K. R. Foster, Herman P. Schwan: A Scientist and Pioneer in Biomedical Engineering. Annual Reviews of Biomedical Engineering 4:1-27 (2002).

BOOKS

Phantom Risk: Scientific Inference and the Law, K. R. Foster, D. E. Bernstein, and P. W. Huber, Eds. (MIT Press, 1993, 457 pages).

Judging Science, K. R. Foster and P. W. Huber (MIT Press, 1997, 327 pages). (Republished in Simplified Chinese, Beiking, 2001)

OTHER

Transactions of 13th Northeast Bioengineering Conference (1987) (edited by K. R. Foster)

IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Special Issue on Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields (July 1996) - Guest Editors K. R. Foster and J. E. Moulder

IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, Special Issue on Technology and Costs of Medical Care (Sept. 1996) -- Guest Editors K. R. Foster and J. Fielder.

TECHNICAL BOOK REVIEWS

Biological Effects of Nonionizing Radiation. K. H. Illinger, ed.Newsletter of Bioelectromagnetics Society, December 1982.

The Interaction of Acoustical and Electromagnetic Fields with Biological Systems. S. Takashima and E. Postow, eds. Proc. IEEE Vol: 72, Pages 750-751, 1984.

Nonlinear Electrodynamics in Biological Systems. W. Ross Adey and A. F. Lawrence (Eds). IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 5, Page 44, 1986.

Microwaves and Thermoregulation. E. A. Adair (Ed.). IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 5, Page 45, 1986.

Cell Fusion. A. E. Sowers (Ed.) IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 7, Page 57, 1988.

Biological Effects and Health Implications of Radiofrequency Radiation. S. Michaelson and J. Lin. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 8, Pages 62-63, 1989.

Bioelectricity, A Quantitative Approach. R. Plonsey and R. C. Barr. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 9, Page 89, 1990.

Currents of Death. P. Brodeur. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 9, Page 89, 1990;

Reprinted in Proc. IEEE Vol: 78, Pp. 1763-4 (1990).

Emerging Electromagnetic Medicine, M. E. O'Connor, R. H. C. Bentall, and J. C. Monahan. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol. 10, p. 65 (1991)

Medical Instrumentation. J. G. Webster. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 11, Page 68 (1992).

Managing the Medical Arms Race: Innovation and Public Policy in the Medical Device Industry. S. B. Foote. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 12, Page 101 (June 1993).

Computer Ethics. Cautionary Tales and Ethical Dilemmas in Computing. Tom Forester and Perry Morrison. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 12(4), Page 128 (December 1993).

Electrical Properties of Mammalian Tissues. B. J. Northover. Biophysical Journal Vol: 66(3), Page 930 (March 1994).

Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields. Carpenter and Aryapetyan. Biophysical Journal November 1994.

Cancer from Beef (book review) K. R. Foster, Minerva Vol: XXXIII, pp. 398-402 (1996).

Science on Trial (Review Article) K. R. Foster, Minerva, Vol. XXV, 73-81 (1997).

Handbook of Software for Engineers and Scientists (book review) IEEE Spectrum (Sept. 1996).

Bioelectromagnetism (book review). K. R. Foster, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 15: 135 (Nov/Dec. 1996).

The Electronics Handbook, K. R. Foster, IEEE Spectrum (May 1997)

Electrical Bioimpedance Methods, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Nov. 1999.

Applied Bioelectricity, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Nov. 1999.

Undue Risk. IEEE Spectrum February 2000.

Voodoo Science. Science June 2, 2000.

Electrical Injuries: Engineering, Medical, and Legal Aspects. (IEEE Spectrum July 2000)

White Collar Sweatshop (IEEE Spectrum, May 2001)

Oversold and Underused (IEEE Spectrum, February 2002)

Risk Benefit Analysis. (Radiation Research: Vol. 158, No. 4, pp. 543-544, 2002)

Putting Work in Its Place. (IEEE Spectrum, June 2002)

Risk Benefit Analysis. (Radiation Research: Vol. 158, No. 4, pp. 543-544, 2002)

Risk and Reason (Science 299:348-9, January 17, 2003).

SOFTWARE REVIEWS

Chico Solver. IEEE Spectrum Page 22, May 1991 (software review).

Mathematica IEEE Spectrum Page 73, November 1991. (software review).

Mathematica Computers in Physics Vol. 5 (6) 643-4, 1991 (software review).

Mathematical Programs with Graphics Visualization (refereed article) IEEE Spectrum Pages 44-50, November 1991.

Mathematical Programs with Graphics Visualization (refereed article) IEEE Spectrum Pages 72-78, November 1992.

Electro IEEE Spectrum 30: 16 (February 1993).

Macsyma for Windows IEEE Spectrum 30: 66 (April 1993) (software review)

Derive IEEE Spectrum 30: 54 (June 1993) (software review)

'Abstract' Math Made Practical IEEE Spectrum 30: 42-59 (November 1993) (refereed article)

QuickField IEEE Spectrum Vol 30 (12) p. 64 (December 1993). (software review)

SigmaScan/Image IEEE Spectrum Vol 31 (4) p. 18 (April 1994).(software review)

MLAB IEEE Spectrum Vol 31 (8) p. 15 (August 1994). (software review)

PDEase IEEE Spectrum Vol 31 (10) p. 74 (October 1994). (software review)

Macsyma for Windows IEEE Spectrum Vol 31 (12) (December 1994).(software review)

Research Station IEEE Spectrum (June 1995). (software review)

Theorist IEEE Spectrum (August 1995). (software review)

Mathcad IEEE Spectrum Vol. 32 (10) (October 1995) p. 16. (software review)

Mafia IEEE Spectrum Vol. 32 (12) (December 1995) (software review)

Labview IEEE Spectrum Vol. 33 (4) (April 1996) (software review)

Maple/Macsyma IEEE Spectrum Vol. 33 (8) pp. 64-65 (Sept. 1996).

TK Solver Plus IEEE Spectrum Vol. 33(12) p. 22 (Dec. 1996)

O Matrix and Matlab IEEE Spectrum Vol. 34 (2) (February 1997)

HiQ IEEE Spectrum (June 1997)

Derive for Windows IEEE Spectrum (October 1997)

Software Update. IEEE Spectrum (January 1998).

Software Wedge. IEEE Spectrum (June 1998).

Measure. IEEE Spectrum (December 1998).

Math on the Internet. K. R. Foster IEEE Spectrum Volume 36 (4) 36-41 (1999).(Reviewed Article)

Mathematica Ver 4 IEEE Spectrum (April 1999)

Mathcad 8 IEEE Spectrum (April 1999)

Maple for Palmtop IEEE Spectrum (Oct. 1999)

Maple IEEE Spectrum June 2000

CalculationCenter IEEE Spectrum (May 2001)

Maple 7. IEEE Spectrum (Dec. 2001)

MathType IEEE Spectrum (Dec. 2001)

OTHER ARTICLES

Sci Tech Selling. Michael P. Wynne. The Scientist Vol: 1 (No. 20), page 22,1987. (book review)

Beyond the Laboratory: Scientists as Political Activists in 1930s America. Peter J. Kuznick. The Scientist Vol: 2 (No. 6), page 20, 1988. (book review).

The funding crisis in biomedical engineering is the funding crisis in science IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine Vol: 10, page10, 1991

Health effects of low-level electromagnetic fields: the problems of being at sea without an anchor. K. R. Foster. Health Physics Society Newsletter Vol. 19, pp. 33-35 (1991).

Misconduct in research: an ethical problem for all. K. R. Foster. The Scientist Vol 6 (3) p. 11 (Feb. 3, 1992).

Bring out your dead. K. R. Foster, M. F. Jenkins, A. C. Toogood, preface to Bring Out Your Dead Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.

Wireless Interference: A Problem for Medical Devices. K. R. Foster, IEEE Institute. (Dec. 1994)

Too many towers? IEEE Institute (February 1995)

Buggy chips and flying wheelchairs. K. R. Foster IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 14:7 (1995)

Electromagnetic fields controversy continues (IEEE Institute, February 1997; reprinted in EMF-EMI Control 4(2), 27, April 1997)

Health effects of electromagnetic fields: defusing the controversy. Microwave Journal (May 1997)

Beginnings Count (book review) IEEE Spectrum Dec. 1997.

Software tools (reviewed feature article) IEEE Spectrum 35(1) 52-56 (1998).

 The Golem at Large: What You Should Know about Technology (book review) IEEE Spectrum (April 1999).

Voodoo Science. Science June 2, 2000

K. R. Foster, P. Vecchia, M. H. Repacholi, Du bon usage du principe de précaution, Le Figaro (Paris) p. 17, May 12, 2000.

 

PATENTS

Patent Number 5,447,529, Method of using endocardial impedance for determining electode-tissue contact, appropriate sites for arrhythmia ablation and tissue heating during ablation. D. Panescu, D. K. Swanson, M. S. Mirotznik, D. S. Schwartzman, I. Chang, K. R. Foster. (Sept. 5, 1995).

Patent Number 5,562,721, Method of using endocardial impedance for assessing tissue heating during ablation. F. E. Marchlinski, D. S. Schwartzman, M. S. Mirotznik, C. D. Gottlieb, I. Chang. (Oct. 8, 1996).

Patent Number 5,673,704 Method of using endocardial impedance for determining electrode-tissue contact. F. E. Marchlinski, D. S. Schwartzman, M. S. Mirotznik, K. R. Foster, C. D. Gottlieb, I. Chang (Oct 7, 1997).

Patent Number 6,256,540 Systems and methods for examining the electrical characteristic of cardiac tissue Inventors: D. Panescu, D. K. Swanson, M. S. Mirotznik, D. S. Schwartzman, K. R. Foster (July 7, 2001).