Recent Papers (Since 1999)

(full set of papers and presentations)

Recent presentations:

K. R. Foster, Electrochemical treatment of tumors. Michaelson Research Conference, West Yellowstone MT, August 2003

K. R. Foster, Precautionary Principle and Electromagnetic Fields. Michaelson Research Conference, West Yellowstone MT, August 2003

K. R. Foster, J. A. D'Andrea, S. Chalfin, D. J. Hatcher, Thermal Modeling of Millimeter Wave Absorption In the Nonhuman Primate Eye At 35 and 94 GHz, Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting, Quebec Canada June 2002.

K. R. Foster, Can electromagnetic fields trigger application of the precautionary principle? WHO/European Commission Meeting, Luxembourg 1/03

Biophysical limits on athermal effects of RF fields. FGF forum on genetic and cytogenetic effects of radiofrequency energy, Löwenstein, Germany, Nov. 2002

Thermal modeling of human subjects exposed to microwave energy. Ninth Annual Michaelson Conference, Portland ME August 2002

K. R. Foster, J. A. D'Andrea, S. Chalfin, D. J. Hatcher, Thermal Modeling of Millimeter Wave Absorption In the Nonhuman Primate Eye At 35 and 94 GHz, Bioelectromagnetics Society Annual Meeting, Quebec Canada June 2002.

The Precautionary Principle: Commonsense or the Devil's Handywork? Sigma Xi, Newark NJ February 2002.

Mobile phones and cancer. Portugese Electrical Engineering Association, Lisbon, Dec. 2001

Limits on microthermal heating from microwave energy. FGF forum on mechanisms of interaction of nonionizing radiation and biological systems, Dresden, Dec. 2001

What makes medical technology work? University of Waterloo (Waterloo Ontario) Oct. 2001.

Powerline Fields are Possible Carcinogens: Two Recent Repors by Health Agencies. Eighth Annual Michaelson Conference, Kalispell MN August 2001. 

Bioimpedance - Where to Next? XI International Conference on Electrical Bio-Impedance, Oslo, Norway June 2001.

Addressing the Risks of Wireless Communications. High Tech Forum on Communications Engineering, Zhuhai, China June 2001.

The Precautionary Principle. WHO Conference on the Precautionary Principle, Rome, June 2001.

Precautionary approaches to regulation of electromagnetic field exposure. WHO EMF Standards Harmonization Meeting, Varna, Bulgaria, 28 April - 3 May 2001

What science does not know about environmental risk. National Association of Environmental Law Societies, Houston TX, March 2001.

Precautionary approaches to regulation of electromagnetic field exposure. Americas regional seminar on Bioeffects and WHO EMF Standards Harmonization Lima, Peru 7-9 March 2001.

K. R. Foster, Do ELF Bioeffects Studies Have Relevance To RF Bioeffects? FGF/COST Workshop, Bad Muenstereifel, Germany, December 2000.

Precautionary Approaches to EMF Regulation. International Symposium on Social Implications of Technology (ISTAS), Rome, September 2000.

Electromagnetic Field Exposure Standards: Unresolved Issues. 15 International Wroclaw Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Wroclaw, Poland June 2000.

Health effects of cellular telephones: recent scientific developments. K. R. Foster and J. E. Moulder, Polish GSM Conference, Warsaw, May 2000.

Biological effects and hazards of RF fields. International School of Plasma Physics, Varenna Italy May 2000.

Mechanisms of interaction of RF fields with biological systems, K. R. Foster and J. W. Baish, COST 244-bis workshop, Munich 10 June 2000.

Precautionary approaches to EMF regulation. Air Force symposium on electromagnetic field exposure guidelines. Munich 11 June 2000.

Health issues related to electromagnetic field exposure. Bluetooth conference, Monte Carlo 14 June 2000.

Electromagnetic Field Exposure Standards: Unresolved Issues. 15 International Wroclaw Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility, Wroclaw, Poland, June 2000.

Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields. University of Girona, Girona Spain, July 2000.

K. R. Foster and J. E. Moulder, Health Effects of Mobile Phones: Recent Scientific and Policy Developments, COST259 workshop, Bergen Norway May 2000.

K. R. Foster, E. R. Adair, and K. S. Mylacraine , Thermal modeling of extended (45 minute) exposure of human subject to 2.45 GHz microwave energy. Bioelectromagnetic Society Annual Meeting, Long Beach CA, June 1999.

K. R. Foster, The mechanism paradox: constraints on interactions between RF fields and biological systems, Eleventh International Conference on Radiation Research, Dublin, Ireland July 1999. (Paper to appear in Radiation Research).

K. R. Foster and E. R. Adair Heat Transport in Tissues and Thermal and Spatial Averaging of Laser and Microwave Exposures, Second Workshop on Infrared Lasers and Millimeter Waves, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

D. W. Blick, K. R. Foster, T. J. Walters, and E. R. Adair, Millimeter waves, sensation, and thermal models: implications for safety standards. Sixth Michaelson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

K. R. Foster, L'Affaire Liburdy. Sixth Michaelson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

K. R. Foster, Thermal Models for Assessing Microwave Hazards,Sixth Michaelson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

Technical Papers

K. R. Foster, Mechanisms of Interaction of ELF Fields and Biological Systems, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 106(4), pp 301-310 (2003)

Laurence JA, McKenzie DR, Foster KR. Application of the heat equation to the calculation of temperature rises from pulsed microwave exposure.J Theor Biol. 222(3):403-5 (2003).

K. R. Foster, J. A. D'Andrea, S Chalfin, DJ Hatcher. Thermal modeling of millimeter wave damage to the primate cornea at 35 GHz and 94 GHz. Health Physics 84 (6): 764-769 (2003)

K. R. Foster, Herman Schwan und die Expositionsgrenzwerte für Mikrowellenstrahlung. Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 55:638-645 (Dec. 2002)

K. R. Foster, Herman P. Schwan: A Scientist and Pioneer in Biomedical Engineering. Annual Reviews of Biomedical Engineering 4:1-27 (2002).

Litvak E, Foster KR, Repacholi MH, Health and safety implications of exposure to electromagnetic fields in the frequency range 300 Hz - 10 MHz. Bioelectromagnetics 23:68-82 (2002).

Vibration of Microtubules, K. R. Foster J. W. Baish, . J. Biological Physics 26 (4):255-260, 2000.

Thermal and nonthermal mechanisms of interaction of radiofrequency energy with biological systems, K. R. Foster. IEEE Trans. Plasma Science 28: 17- 23 (2000).

Foster KR: The mechanism paradox: Constraints on interactions between radiofrequency fields and biological systems; in Moriarty M, Mothersill C, Seymour C, et al (eds): Eleventh International Congress of Radiation Research. Lawrence, KS, Allen Press, Inc. pp 222-226, 2000.

K. R. Foster, Comment: Microwave irradiation influences on the state of human cell nuclei. Bioelectromagnetics 21 325, 2000.

Heating and Pain Sensation Produced in Human Skin by Millimeter Waves: Validation of a Simple Thermal Model, T. J. Walters, D. W. Blick, L. R. Johnson, E. R. Adair, and K. R. Foster Health Physics 78: (3) 259-267,2000

Heating of cardiovascular stents in intense radiofrequency magnetic fields K. R. Foster, R. Goldberg, C. Bonsignore. Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 20, pp. 112-116 (1999).

Is there a link between exposure to power-frequency electric fields and cancer? J. E. Moulder and K. R. Foster, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 18(2):109-117 (1999).

Thermal models for microwave hazards, K. R. Foster and L. S. Erdreich. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 20 Supplement 4, 52-63 (1999).

Heating of Tissue Models By Near-Field Exposure to a Dipole, P. Riu and K. R. Foster, IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering 46:911-917 (1999).

Electrical impedance properties of normal and chronically infarcted left ventricular myocardium, D. Schwartzman, I. Chang, J. J. Michele, M. S. Mirotznik, and K. R. Foster. Journal Of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology 3: (3) 213-224 Oct 1999.

Is there a link between exposure to power-frequency electric fields and cancer? J. E. Moulder and K. R. Foster, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 18(2):109-117 (1999).

Thermal models for microwave hazards, K. R. Foster and L. S. Erdreich. Bioelectromagnetics Volume 20 Supplement 4, 52-63 (1999).

Math on the Internet. K. R. Foster IEEE Spectrum Volume 36 (4) 36-41 (1999).(Reviewed Article)

Science/Policy/Risk

Risk and Reason (book review) Science 299:348-9 (January 17, 2003).

K. R. Foster, The precautionary principle - common sense or environmental extremism? IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 21:8-13 (2002).

P. Vecchia and K. R. Foster, Precaution and controversies-Regulating radiofrequency fields in Italy. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 21:23-27 (2002).

K. R. Foster, C.-K. Chou, P. Riu, Use of "protective devices" for cellular telephones - A COMAR technical information statement, IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. May/June 2002, 105-106.

Ziskin MC, Adair ER, Bassen HI, Chou CK, Cohen J, D'Andrea JA, Doyle RL, Erdreich LS, Foster KR, Gandhi OP, Heynick LN, Klauenberg BJ, Leonowich JA, Lin JC, Meltz ML, Merritt JH, Miller RD, Murphy MR, Osepchuk JM, Petersen RC, Sena DT, Sutton CH, Tell RA, Varanelli AG, Walleczek J, Medical aspects of radiofrequency radiation overexposure, HEALTH PHYSICS,82(3):387-391 MAR 2002

K. R. Foster et al. Electromagnetic hypersensitivity - - A COMAR technical information statement, IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Sept/Oct 173-175, 2002.

Adair E, Balzano Q, Bassen H, et al., Safety issues associated with base stations used for personal wireless communications - A COMAR technical information statement, IEEE ENG MED BIOL 20 (2): 110-114 MAR-APR 2001

Science on trial (Review Article) K. R. Foster, Minerva, Vol. XXV, 73-81 (1997).

Electromagnetic fields controversy continues (IEEE Institute, February 1997)

Health effects of electromagnetic fields: defusing the controversy. Microwave Journal, Vol. 40 (5) 336-340 (May 1997).

Possible health hazards from exposure to power-frequency electric and magnetic fields - A COMAR technical information statement Miller RD, Anderson L, Beers J, Bergeron J, Blanchard J, Erdreich L, Feero WE, Foster KR, Male J, Reilly JP, Reiter R, Polk C, Sutton C, Walleczek J, Adair E, Adair R, Bassen H, Chou CK, Hansson-Mild K, Moulder J, Osepchuk J, Repacholi M, Swicord M IEEE ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY MAGAZINE 19: (1) 131-137 JAN-FEB 2000

K. R. Foster, P. Vecchia, M. H. Repacholi, Du bon usage du principe de précaution, Le Figaro (Paris) p. 17, May 12, 2000.

Science and the precautionary principle. K. R. Foster, P. Vecchia, M. H. Repacholi. Science 288: 979-980 (2000).

Foster KR and Moulder JE. Health Effect of Cell Phones. IEEE Spectrum, August 2000 (cover article)

Other Articles

K. R. Foster, P. R. Wolpe, A. R. Caplan, Ethics and the Brain. IEEE Spectrum (June 2003)

Foster KR and Moulder JE. Health Effect of Cell Phones. IEEE Spectrum, August 2000 (cover article)

Foster KR and Moulder JE, Mobiles et cancer, un vrai casse-tête. La Recherche Dec. 2000 (cover article)(French translation of Spectrum article)

Foster KR and Moulder JE, Teléfonos móviles y cáncer cerebral. Mundo Cientifico Dec, 2000 (cover article) (Spanish translation of Spectrum article)

Book Reviews

Risk Benefit Analysis. (Radiation Research: Vol. 158, No. 4, pp. 543-544, 2002)

Putting Work in Its Place. (IEEE Spectrum, June 2002)

Oversold and Underused (IEEE Spectrum, February 2002)

White Collar Sweatshop, IEEE Spectrum (May 2001)

Undue Risk. IEEE Spectrum (January 2000)

Voodoo Science. Science (June 2, 2000).

 The Golem at Large: What You Should Know about Technology (book review) IEEE Spectrum (April 1999).

Electrical Bioimpedance Methods, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Nov. 1999.

Applied Bioelectricity, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Nov. 1999.

Books

Judging Science, K. R. Foster and P. W. Huber (MIT Press, May 1997) (paperback edition 1999) (republished in Simplified Chinese, 2001).

Phantom Risk K. R. Foster, D. E. Bernstein, P.W. Huber (MIT Press 1993, paperback edition 1999)

Book Chapters

K. R. Foster, Limiting Technology: Issues in Setting Exposure Guidelines For Radiofrequency Energy. In Ma Jian-Guo, Ed. 3rd Generation Mobile Communication Systems: Future Developments and Advanced Topics, Springer, in press

K. R. Foster, Herman P. Schwan: A Scientist and Pioneer in Biomedical Engineering. Annual Reviews of Biomedical Engineering 4:1-27 (2002).

K. R. Foster, Biological Effects of Radiofrequency Energy As Related to Health and Safety, Encyclopedia of RF and Microwave Engineering, Wiley, to appear 2003

Biological effects of electromagnetic fields with emphasis on health and safety, K. R. Foster, in Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, J. G. Webster, ed. John Wiley and Sons Vo.l. 2, pp. 357-368, 1999.

Improving the reliability of scientific testimony in court David E. Bernstein , Peter W. Huber, and Kenneth R. Foster, in R. L. Stroup and R. E. Meiners, Eds. Cutting Green Tape: Toxic Pollutants, Environmental Regulation and the Law, Transaction Publ. Co., 2000.

Magazines Edited

IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, Special Issue on The Precautionary Principle (Dec. 2002)

Technical Book Reviews

Oversold and Underused (book review). IEEE Spectrum February 2002.

The Golem at Large: What You Should Know about Technology (book review) IEEE Spectrum April 1999.

Electrical Bioimpedance Methods, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Nov. 1999.

Applied Bioelectricity, IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, Nov. 1999.

Software Reviews

Mightier Math IEEE Spectrum (Feb. 2003)

Maple 7. IEEE Spectrum (Dec. 2001)

MathType IEEE Spectrum (Dec. 2001)

CalculationCenter IEEE Spectrum (May 2001)

Matlab 12 IEEE Spectrum (February 2001)

Maple IEEE Spectrum (June 2000)

Math on the Internet. K. R. Foster IEEE Spectrum Volume 36 (4) 36-41 (1999).(Reviewed Article)

Mathematica Ver 4 IEEE Spectrum (April 1999)

Mathcad 8 IEEE Spectrum (April 1999)

Maple for Palmtop IEEE Spectrum (Oct. 1999)

 

Patents

 Patent Number 5,447,529, Method of using endocardial impedance for determining electode-tissue contact, appropriate sites for arrhythmia ablation and tissue heating during ablation. D. Panescu, D. K. Swanson, M. S. Mirotznik, D. S. Schwartzman, I. Chang, K. R. Foster. (Sept. 5, 1995).

Patent Number 5,562,721, Method of using endocardial impedance for assessing tissue heating during ablation. F. E. Marchlinski, D. S. Schwartzman, M. S. Mirotznik, C. D. Gottlieb, I. Chang. (Oct. 8, 1996).

Patent Number 5,673,704 Method of using endocardial impedance for determining electrode-tissue contact. F. E. Marchlinski, D. S. Schwartzman, M. S. Mirotznik, K. R. Foster, C. D. Gottlieb, I. Chang (Oct 7, 1997).

Conference Presentations

Setting Limits for Electromagnetic Field Exposures: Scaling Considerations Based on Mechanisms. Presented at WHO-Sponsored Conference on Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields 300 Hz - 1 MHz, Maastricht The Netherlands, June 1999.

K. R. Foster, E. R. Adair, and K. S. Mylacraine , Thermal modeling of extended (45 minute) exposure of human subject to 2.45 GHz microwave energy. Bioelectromagnetic Society Annual Meeting, Long Beach CA, June 1999.

K. R. Foster, The mechanism paradox: constraints on interactions between RF fields and biological systems, Eleventh International Conference on Radiation Research, Dublin, Ireland July 1999. (Paper to appear in Radiation Research).

K. R. Foster and E. R. Adair Heat Transport in Tissues and Thermal and Spatial Averaging of Laser and Microwave Exposures, Second Workshop on Infrared Lasers and Millimeter Waves, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

 D. W. Blick, K. R. Foster, T. J. Walters, and E. R. Adair, Millimeter waves, sensation, and thermal models: implications for safety standards. Sixth Michealson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

K. R. Foster, L'Affaire Liburdy. Sixth Michealson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.

K. R. Foster, Thermal Models for Assessing Microwave Hazards,Sixth Michaelson Research Conference, Cloudcroft NM, Aug. 1999.