2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001
2000 1999 1998

Web of Knowledge ResearcherID: D-9758-2011

Google scholar citations


(underlined: undgraduate students)



1. Ge, Dengteng; Wu, Gaoxiang; Yang, Lili; Kim, Hye-Na, Hallwachs, Winnie; Burns, John M.; Janzen, Daniel H.*, and Yang, Shu*, “Varying and unchanging whiteness on the wings of dusk-active and shade-inhabiting Carystoides escalantei butterflies”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2017,114 (28), 7379–7384. DOI . Also see News







2. Wu, Gaoxiang; Cho, Hyesung; Wood, Derek; Dinsmore, Anthony; Yang, Shu*, “Cylindrical Confinement of Colloidal Assemblies with Soft, Repulsive Interactions”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2017, 139 (14), 5095–5101. DOI. see Highlight by Nature Reviews Chemistry.








3. Panatdasirisuk, Weerapha; Liao, Zhiwei; Vongsetskul, Thammasit; and Shu Yang*, "Separation of Oil-in-Water Emulsions Using Hydrophilic Electrospun Membranes with Anisotropic pores", Langmuir, 2017, 33 (23), 5872–5878. DOI.








4. Tang, Yichao; Lin, Gaojian; Yang, S.; Yi, Yun Kyu; Kamien, Randall D.; Yin, Jie*, “Programmable Kiri-kirigami Metamaterials”, Adv. Mater., 2017, 29 (10), 1604262. DOI. Highlight by Advanced Science News.









5. Kim, Junsoo; Wang, Yifan; Park, Hyunchul; Park, Min Cheol; Moon, Seung Eon; Hong, Soon Man; Koo, Chong Min; Suh, Kahp-Yang; Yang, S., and Cho, Hyesung*, “Nonlinear Frameworks for Reversible and Pluripotent Wetting on Topographic Surfaces”, Adv. Mater., 2017, 29 (7), 1605078. DOI














6. Alonso-Redondo, E.; Gueddida, A.; Li, J.; Graczykowski, B.; Torres, C. M. Sotomayor; Pennec, Y.; Yang, S., Djafari-Rouhani, B. and Fytas, G.* “Directional elastic wave propagation in high-aspect-ratio photoresist gratings: liquid infiltration and aging”, Nanoscale, 2017, 9 (8), 2739-2747. DOI









7. Kim, Dae Seok; Honglawan, Apiradee ; Yang, Shu ; Yoon, Dong Ki*, "Arrangement and SERS Applications of Nanoparticle Clusters Using Liquid Crystalline Template", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9 (8), 7787–7792. DOI.

8. Jeong, Joonwoo,* Cho, Yigil; Lee, Su Yeon; Gong, Xingting; Kamien, Randall D.; Yang, S. and Yodh, A. G.*, “Topography-guided buckling of swollen polymer bilayer films and resulting three-dimensional structures”, Soft Matter, 2017, 13, 956 - 962. DOI








9. Lin, Gaojian†; Ge, Dengteng†; Tang, Yichao; Xia, Yu; Wu, Gaoxiang; Han, Lin; Yang, Shu*, and Yin, Jie*, "Cuts Guided Deterministic Buckling in Arrays of Soft Parallel Plates for Multifunctionality", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, 9 (34), 29345–29354 (†: equal contribution). DOI








10. Kang, Hongsuk; Cho, Hyesung; Panatdasirisuk, Weerapha; and Yang, Shu*, "Hierarchical membranes with size-controlled nanopores from photofluidization of electrospun azobenzene polymer fibers", J. Mater. Chem. A 2017, 5, 18762 - 18769. DOI.







11. La, Thanh-Giang; Li, Xinda; Kumar, Amit; Fu, Yiyang; Yang, Shu ; Chung, Hyun-Joong*, "Highly Flexible, Multi-Pixelated Thermosensitive Smart Windows Made of Tough Hydrogels", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2017, ASAP. DOI.

12. Yu, Seunggun†; Cho, Hyesung†; Hong, Jun Pyo; Park, Hyunchul; Christopher Jolly, Jason; Kang, Hong Suk; Kim, Junsoo; Lee, Seung Hwan; Lee, Albert S.; Hong, Soon Man; Park, Cheolmin; Yang, Shu*; and Koo, Chong Min*, “Shaping micro-clusters via topographically close-packed jamming of microbombs”, Nat. Commun. 2017, accepted. (†: equal contribution)

13. 1. Anasori, Babak*; Sarycheva, Asia; Buondonno, Sara; Zhou, Zehang; Yang, Shu; and Gogotsi, Yury*, "2D metal carbides (MXenes) in fibers", Mater. Today (2017), in press. DOI









  1. Yang, S.*, Choi, I-S.*, and Kamien, R., D.* “Design of super-conformable, foldable materials via fractal cuts and lattice kirigami”, MRS Bull. 2016, 41 (2), 130-138. (Invited perspective) DOI
  2. Serra, F.* and Yang, S.*, “Liquid crystals: material defect lines”, Nat. Mater. 2016, 15 (1), 10-11 (Invited News & Views) DOI
  3. Xia, Y.; Cedillo-Servin, G.; Kamien, R. D. and Yang, S.*, “Guided Folding of Nematic Liquid Crystal Elastomer Sheets into 3D by Patterned 1D Micro-channels,  Adv. Mater., 2016, 28 (43), 9637–9643. DOI








4. Lee, E. †; Xia, Y. †; Ferrier, R. C. Jr. †; Kim, H.-N.; Gharbi, M. A.; Stebe, K. J.; Kamien, R. D.; Composto, R. J.; Yang, S.*, "Fine Golden Rings: Tunable Surface Plasmon Resonance from Assembled Nanorods in Topological Defects of Liquid Crystals". Adv. Mater. 2016, 28 (14), 2731–2736. DOI (†: equal contribution)








5. Cho, Younghyun; Shim, Tae Soup, and Yang, S.*, “Spatially selective nucleation and growth of water droplets on hierarchically patterned polymer surfaces”, Adv. Mater. 2016, 28 (7), 1433–1439. DOI










6. Yang, X.†; Ge, D.†; Wu, G.; Liao, Z. W., and Yang, S.*, "Production of Structural Colors with High Contrast and Wide Viewing Angles from Assemblies of Polypyrrole Black Coated Polystyrene Nanoparticles" ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2016, 8 (25), 16289–16295. (†: equal contribution) DOI











7. Cao, B.†; Wu, G. X.†; Xia, Y. and Yang, S.*, "Buckling into single-handed chiral structures from pH-sensitive hydrogel membranes", Extreme Mech. Lett. 2016, 7, 49–54. DOI (†: equal contribution)










8. Xia, Y.; Lee, E.; Hu, H.; Gharbi, M. A.; Beller, D. A.; Fleischmann, E.-K.; Kamien, R. D.; Zentel, R. and Yang, S.*, “Better Actuation Through Chemistry:  Using Surface Coatings to Create Uniform Director Fields in Nematic Liquid Crystal Elastomers”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2016, 8 (19), pp 12466–12472. DOI.












9. Jun, Brian M.; Serra, Francesca; Xia, Yu; Kang, Hong Suk and Yang, S.*, “Fabrication of Free-Standing, Self-aligned, High-Aspect-Ratio Synthetic Ommatidia”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2016, 8 (45), 30671–30676. DOI







10. Kunin, Valentin; Yang, S.; Cho, Yigil; Deymier, Pierre; Srolovitz, David J.*,  “Static and dynamic elastic properties of fractal-cut materials”, Extreme Mech. Lett. 2016, 6, 103–114. DOI

11. Liu, C.*; Liao, S.-C.; Song, J.; Mauk, M.; Li, X.; Wu, G.; Ge, D.; Greenberg, R.; Yang, S.; Bau, H., “A High-Efficiency Superhydrophobic Plasma Separator”, Lab Chip, 2016, 16, 553-560. DOI

12. Wang, S.; Thomas, A.; Lee, E.; Yang, S.; Cheng, X. H. and Liu, Y.*,“Highly Efficient and Selective Isolation of Rare Tumor Cells Using a Microfluidic Chip with Wavy-herringbone Micro-patterned Surfaces”, Analysts, 2016, 141, 2228-2237. DOI

13. Luo, Y.; Serra, F.; Beller, D. A.; Gharbi, M. A.; Li, N. Yang, S.; Kamien, R. D. and Stebe, K., J.*, “Around the corner: colloidal assembly and wiring in groovy nematic cells”, Phys. Rev. E. 2016, 93, 032705. DOI

14. Kim, Sang Moon†; Kang, Seong Min†; Lee, Chanseok; Jang, Segeun; Kim, Junsoo; Seo, Hyein; Bae, Won-Gyu; Yang, Shu*, and Yoon, Hyunsik*, “Repeated Shape Recovery of Clustered Nanopillars by Mechanical Pulling”, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 9608-9612. DOI (†: equal contribution)



  1. Yang, S. "Supramolecular lattices from tetrahedral nanobuilding blocks", Science, 2015,  348 (6233), 396-397. (Invited perspective). DOI
  2. Lee, E. and Yang, S*, “Bioinspired responsive polymer pillars”, MRS Comm. 2015, 5(2), 97-114. (Perspective on Polymers/Soft Matter). DOI









  3. Xia, Y.; Serra, F.; Kamien, R. D.; Stebe, K. J. and Yang, S.*, "Direct mapping of local director field of nematic liquid crystals at the nanoscale", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2015, 112 (50), 15291–15296. DOI










  1. Sussman, D. M.†; Cho, Y.†; Castle, T.; Gong, X. T.; Jung, E.; Yang, S. and Kamien, R., D.*, “Algorithmic Lattice Kirigami: A Route to Pluripotent Materials”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2015, 112, 7449-7453. (†: equal contribution). DOI.
  2. Cho, Younghyun; † Lee, Su Yeon; † Ellerthorpe, L.; Feng, G.; Lin, G.; Wu, G.; Yin, J. and Yang, S.*, “Elastoplastic Inverse Opals as Power-Free Mechanochromic Sensors for Force Recording”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2015, 25(38), 6041–6049. (†: equal contribution). DOI. News.











  1. Honglawan, A.; Kim,D. S.; Beller, D. A.; Yoon, D. K.; Gharbi, M. A.; Stebe, K. J.; Kamien, R. D., and Yang, S.*, "Synergistic assembly of nanoparticles in smectic liquid crystals", Soft Matter, 2015, 11, 7367-7375. DOI






  1. Tang, Y.; Lin, G.; Han, L.; Qiu. S.; Yang, S.* and Yin, J.*, “Engineering hierarchical cuts for extremely soft, high strength, and reconfigurable auxetic metamaterials”, Adv. Mater. 2015, 27 (44), 7181–7190. DOILee-fabrication of magnetic particles







  1. Cho, Younghyun; Kim, Gyuseok; Cho, Yigil, Lee, S. Y.; Minsky, H.; Turner, K. T.; Gianola, D. S. and Yang, S.*, “Orthogonal Control of Stability and Tunable Dry Adhesion by Tailoring Shapes of Tapered Nanopillar Arrays”, Adv. Mater. 2015, 27 (47), 7788–7793. DOI Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles







  1. Ge, D.,† Lee, E.,† Yang, L., Cho, Y. Li, M., Gianola, D. S., and Yang, S.*, "A robust smart window: reversibly switching from high transparency to angle-independent structural color display", Adv. Mater. 2015, 27 (15), 2489–2495. DOI (†: equal contribution). Also see news on "Smart windows".








10. Lee, S. Y.; Rahmawan, Y.; and Yang, S.*, “Transparent and superamphiphobic surfaces from mushroom-like micropillar arrays”, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces., 2015, 7 (43), 24197–24203. DOI.








11. Ge, D., Yang, L., Wang, C., Lee, E. and Yang, S.*, "A multi-functional oil/water separator from a selectively pre-wetted superamphiphobic paper", ChemComm. 2015, 51, 6149 - 6152. DOI









12. Wu, G.,† Cho, Y.†, Choi, I.-S., Ge, D., Li, J., Han, H. N., Lubensky, T., and Yang, S.*, "Directing the deformation paths of soft metamaterials with prescribed asymmetric units", Adv. Mater. 2015, 27 (17), 2747–2752.(†: equal contribution). DOI







  1. Serra, F. †; Gharbi, M. A.†; Luo, Y.; Liu, I. B.; Bade, N.D.; Kamien, R. D.; Yang, S.; Stebe, K. J.*, "Curvature-Driven, One-Step Assembly of Reconfigurable Smectic Liquid Crystal "Compound Eye" Lenses" on a Curved Interface", Adv. Opt. Mater., 2015, 3(9), 1287–1292. (†: equal contribution). DOILee-fabrication of magnetic particles . Also see news coverage.









  1. Ge, D., Yang, L.*, Fan, L., Zhang, C., Xiao, X., Gogotsi, Y. and Yang, S.*,  “Foldable supercapacitors from triple networks of macroporous cellulose fibers, polyaniline nanoribbons single-walled carbon nanotubes”, Nano Energy 2015, 11, 568-578.  DOI








  1. Chen, K., Zhou, S.*, Yang, S. and Wu, L. M.*, “Fabrication of All-Water-Based Self-Repairing Superhydrophobic Coatings Based on UV-Responsive Microcapsules”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2015, 25 (7), 1035-1041. DOI Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles









  1. Lee, S.-Y. and Yang, S.*, "Compartment Fabrication of Magneto-Responsive Janus Microrod Particles" ChemComm. 2015, 51, 1639 - 1642. DOI









17. Zheng, Y.; Li, J.; Lee, E. and Yang, S.* “Light-induced shape recovery of deformed shape memory polymer micropillar arrays with gold nanorods”, RSC Adv., 2015, 5, 30495 - 30499. DOI









18. Chen, Chi-Mon, Chiang, Chang-Lung, and Yang, S.*, “Programming tilting angles in shape memory polymer Janus pillar arrays with unidirectional wetting against the tilting direction", Langmuir, 2015, 31 (35), 9523–9526. DOI








19. Liu, I. B.; Gharbi, M. A.; Ngo, V. L.; Kamien, R. D.; Yang, S.; Stebe, K. J.*, “Elastocapillary interactions on nematic films”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2015, 112 (20), 6336-6340. DOI


20. Gharbi, M. A.; Iris B. Liu, I. B.; Luo, Y.; Serra, F.; Bade, N. D.; Kim, H.-N.; Xia, Y.; Kamien, R. D.; Yang, S. and Stebe, K. J.*, "Smectic Gardening on Curved Landscapes", Langmuir, 2015, 31 (40), 11135–11142. DOI











21. Kim, D. S.; Honglawan, A.; Kim, K.; Kim, M. H.; Jeong, S.; Yang, S. and Yoon, D. K.*, "Directed Self-Assembly of Nanoparticle Clusters using Sublimable Liquid Crystal”, J. Mater. Chem. C 2015, 3 (18), 4598-4602. DOI


22. Fan, W.; Chen, M.; Yang, S.; Wu, L.M.* "Centrifugation-assisted Assembly of Colloidal Silica into Crack-Free and Transferrable Films with Tunable Crystalline Structures", Sci. Rep. 2015, 5, 12100. DOI




  1. Castle, T., Cho, Y., Gong, X. T., Jung, E., Sussman, D. M., Yang, S. and Kamien, R. D.*, "Making the Cut: Lattice Kirigami Rules", Phys. Rev. Lett., 2014, 113, 245502. DOI










  1. Cho, Y., Shin, J.-H., Costa, A., Kim, T. A., Kunin, V., Li, J., Lee, S. Y., Yang, S., Han, H., N., Choi, I.-S.*, Srolovitz, D., "Engineering the Shape and Structure of Materials by Fractal Cut", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2014, 111 (49), 17390–17395. DOILee-fabrication of magnetic particles









  1. Li, J., Cho, Y., Choi, I. and Yang, S.*,"Transforming One-Dimensional Nanowalls to Long-Range Ordered Two-Dimensional Nanowaves – Exploiting Buckling Instability and Nanofibers Effect in Holographic Lithography", Adv. Funct. Mater, 2014, 26 (8), 1283-1288. DOI.Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles









  1. Chen, C.-M., and Yang, S.*, “Directed water shedding on high-aspect-ratio shape memory polymer micropillar arrays”, Adv. Mater. 2014, 26 (8), 1283-1288. DOILee-fabrication of magnetic particles










  1. Wu, G. X., Xia. Y., and Yang, S.*, “Buckling, symmetry breaking, and cavitation in periodically micro-structured hydrogel membranes”, Soft Matter, 2014, 10 (9), 1392 - 1399. DOI. (Invited to theme issue on Reconfigurable Soft Matter). Correction to Fig. 3 caption. Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles








  1. Ge, D. T., Yang L. L., Wu, G. X. and Yang, S.*, "Spray coating of superhydrophobic and angle-independent colored films", Chem. Commun. 2014, 50 (19), 2469 - 2472. Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles DOI








  1. Ge, D. T., Yang, L. L.*, Honglawan, A., Li, J. and Yang, S.*, “In Situ Synthesis of Hybrid Aerogels from Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Polyaniline Nanoribbons as Free-Standing, Flexible Energy Storage Electrodes”, Chem. Mater., 2014, 26 (4), 1678–1685. DOI.Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles (most highly downloaded in February 2014 of Chemistry of Materials)







  1. Zhang, Y. F., Ge, D. T. and Yang, S.*,  “Spray-coating of superhydrophobic aluminum alloys with enhanced mechanical robustness”, J. Colloid Interf. Sci., 2014, 423, 101-107. DOILee-fabrication of magnetic particles







9. Lee, E., Zhang, M., Cho, Y., Cui, Y., Van der Spiegel, J., Engheta, N. and Yang, S.* "Tilted Pillars on Wrinkled Elastomers as a Reversibly Tunable Optical Window", Adv. Mater. 2014, 26 (24), 4127–4133. DOILee-fabrication of magnetic particles











  1. Gharbi, M. A., Beller, D. A., Honglawan, A., Stebe, K. J., Yang, S., Kamien, R. D. “Controlling liquid crystal defects”, SPIE Newsroom, 1 March 2014. DOI
  2. Ge, D. T., Yang L. L., Wu, G. X. and Yang, S.*, "Angle-independent colours from spray coated quasi-amorphous arrays of nanoparticles: combination of constructive interference and Rayleigh scattering", J. Mater. Chem. C. 2014, 2 (22), 4395 - 4400. DOI. Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles









  1. Rahmawan, Y., Chen, C.-M. and Yang, S.*, “ Recent advances in wrinkle based dry adhesion”, Soft Matter, 2014,10 (28), 5028 - 5039. DOI (invited review).Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles





  1. Li, J. and Yang, S.*, "Fabrication of High-Aspect-Ratio (up to 10) One-Dimensional Organic/inorganic Hybrid Nanogratings via Holographic Lithography", Microelectr. Eng., 2014, 128, 7-11. DOI.
  2. Fargnoli, A. S., Mu, A., Katz, M. G., Williams, R. D., Margulies, K. B., Weiner, D. B., Yang, S. and Bridges, C. R., "Anti-inflammatory Loaded Poly-Lactic Glycolic Acid Nanoparticle Formulations to Enhance Myocardial Gene Transfer: An In-Vitro Assessment of a Drug/Gene Combination Therapeutic Approach for Direct Injection", J. Translational Medicine, 2014, 12, 171. DOI.
  3. Hu, J., Hardy, C., Chen, C.-M., Yang, S., Voloshin, A. S., Liu, Y.*, “Enhanced cell adhesion and alignment on micro-wavy patterned surfaces”, PLOS ONE, 2014, 9 (8), e104502. DOI
  4. Honglawan, A. and Yang, S., "Directing 3D Topological Defects in Smectic Liquid Crystals and Their Applications as an Emerging Class of Building Blocks", In Nanoscience with Liquid Crystals NanoScience and Technology 2014, Ed, Quan Li, pp 35-68.




  1. Beller, D. A. †, Gharbi, M. A. †, Honglawan, A.†, Stebe, K. J., Yang, S., Kamien, R. D.* “Focal Conic Flower Textures at Curved Interfaces”, Phys. Rev. X, 2013, 041026. DOI. (†: equal contribution). Physics synopsis: Plant a liquid-crystal garden.








  1. Chen, C.-M., Reed, J. C, and Yang, S.*, Guided wrinkling in swollen, pre-patterned photoresist thin films with crosslinking gradient”, Soft Matter, 2013, 9 (46), 11007 - 11013. DOILee-fabrication of magnetic particles










  1. Rahmawan, Y., Kang, S., Lee, S. Y., Suh, K.-Y., and Yang, S.*, "Enhanced shear adhesion by mechanical interlocking of dual-scaled elastomeric micropillars with embedded silica particles", Macromole. React. Eng., 2013, 7, 616–623. DOI. (special issue "Polymer Adhesion Science and Reaction Engineering").Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles










  1. Cho, Y., Ahn, T.-H., Cho, H.-H., Shin, J.-H., Moon, J. H., Yang, S., Choi, I.-S., Han, H. N.*, and Li, J.*, “Study of architectural responses of 3D periodic cellular materials”, Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 2013, 21, 065018. DOI
  2. Lee, S. Y. and Yang, S.*, "Fabrication and Assembly of Magneto-Responsive, Anisotropic, and Hybrid Microparticles of Variable Size and Shape", Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2013, 52 (31), 8160-8164. DOI. (selected as a "Hot Paper" by Editors)Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles








  1. Cavallaro, M. Jr.,† Gharbi, M. A.,† Beller, D. A.,† Čopar, S., Shi, Z., Baumgart, T., Yang, S., Kamien, R. D., and Stebe, K. J.*, “Exploiting imperfections in the bulk to direct assembly of surface colloids", Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2013, 110 (47) 18804-18808. DOI († : equal contribution). Also see press release.Lee-fabrication of magnetic particles









  1. Cavallaro, M. Jr.,† Gharbi, M. A.,† Beller, D. A.,† Čopar, S., Shi, Z., Kamien, R. D., Yang, S., Baumgart, T., and Stebe, K. J.*, “Ring Around the Colloid”, Soft Mater, 2013, 9, 9099-9102. DOI. († : equal contribution).Honglawan dox delivery






  1. Honglawan, A., Ni, H., Weissman, D. and Yang, S.*, " Synthesis of Random Copolymer Based pH-Responsive Nanoparticles as Drug Carriers for Cancer Therapeutics”, Polym. Chem., 2013, 4 (13), 3667 - 3675. DOI Honglawan dox delivery
  1. Chen, C.-M.,Chiang, C.-L., Lai, C.-L., Xie, T., and Yang, S.*, "Buckling-based strong dry adhesives via interlocking", Adv. Funct. Mater., 2013, 23 (30), 3813–3823. DOIInterlocking SMP pillars








  1. Rahmawan, Y., Xu, L. and Yang, S.*, “Self-assembly of Nanostructures towards Transparent Superhydrophobic Surfaces”, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2013, 1, 2955-2969. DOI. (feature article). Part of themed collection: 2013 Most Accessed Manuscripts for Journal of Materials Chemistry A Lee-fabrication of magnetic particlesand the Highly cited paper according to Web of Sciences as the top 1% of the academic field of Materials Science for the publication year.





  1. Gharbi, M. A., Cavallaro, Jr., M., Wu, G., Beller, D. A., Kamien, R. D., Yang, S. and Stebe, K. J.*, “Micro-Bullet Assembly: Interactions of Oriented Dipoles in Confined Nematic Liquid Crystal”, Liquid Crystals, 2013, 40 (12), 1619-1627. DOI. (invited)PNAS image








  1. Honglawan, A.†, Beller, D. A.†, Cavallaro, M. Jr., Kamien, R. D.*, Stebe, K. J. and Yang, S.*, “Topographically-induced hierarchical assembly and geometrical transformation of focal conic domain arrays in smectic liquid crystals”, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 2013, 110 (1) 34-39. DOI (†: equal contribution). see Commentary by Oleg D. Lavrentovic, "Designing Dupin cyclides in micro and macro worlds". PNAS image








  1. Xu, L.; Farrell, J.; Karunakaran, R. G.; Honglawan, A.; and Yang, S.*, “Synthesis of Dual-functional Polymer with Orthogonally Photosensitive Groups”, J. Polym. Sci. A. Polym. Chem., 2013, 51 (5), 1215–1222. DOI.

    Dual brushes






  1. Honglawan, A, and Yang, S.*, “Evaporative assembly of ordered microporous films and their hierarchical structures from amphiphilic random copolymers”, Soft Matter, 2012, 8 (47), 11897 - 11904. DOI
  2. Li, J., Shim, J., Overvelde, J., Deng, J., Zhu, X., Bertoldi, K. and Yang, S.*, “Switching Reflective Color to Transparency in Photonic Membranes via Pattern Transformation and Shape Memory Effect”, Soft Matter, 2012, 8 (40), 10322 - 10328. DOIPNAS image








  1. Hsieh, W.-T., Hsu, C.-J., Capraro, B. R., Wu, T., Chen,C.-M., Yang, S. and Tobias Baumgart, T.*, "Curvature Sorting of Peripheral Proteins on Solid-Supported Wavy Membranes", Langmuir, 2012, 28 (35), 12838–12843. DOI
  2. Honglawan, A., Xu, L. and Yang, S.*, "Facile synthesis of nanoparticles via assembly of photopolymerized and self-crosslinked random copolymers in selective organic media", J. Polym. Sci. A: Polym. Chem. 2012, 50 (18), 3840-3847. DOI.
  3. Zhu, X., Wu, G., Dong, R. Chen, C.-M. and Yang, S.*, “Capillarity induced instability in responsive hydrogel membranes with periodic hole array”, Soft Matter, 2012, 8 (31), 8088 – 8093. DOI (Themed Issue: Mechanics and Physics of Hydrogels)PNAS image







  1. Li, J., Liang, G. Q., Zhu, X. and Yang, S.*, “Exploiting Nano-roughness on Holographically Patterned Three Dimensional Photonic Crystals”, Adv. Funct. Mater., 2012, 22 (14), 2980-2986. DOI. Movie. News Coverage.
  2. Guvendiren, M. Gambogi, R. Soshinsky, A. and Yang, S.*, “Calcium Cabonated Composite Hydrogel Films: Particle Packing and Optical Properties”,Polymer Eng. Sci., 2012, 52 (6), 1317–1324. DOI.
  3. Chen, C.-M. and Yang, S.*, “Wrinkling Instability in Polymer Films and their Applications”, Polym. Inter. 2012, 61(7), 1041–1047. DOI. (invited mini-review)
  4. Xu, L.,† Karunakaran, R. G.,† Guo, J., and Yang, S.*"Transparent, Superhydrophobic Surfaces from One-Step Spin Coating of Hydrophobic Nanoparticles", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2012, 4 (2), 1118–1125. DOI (Both authors contributed equally to this work)PNAS image










  1. Chandra, D.* and Yang, S.*, “Dynamics of a Droplet Imbibing on a Rough Surface”, Langmuir, 2011, 27 (22), 13401-13405.
  2. Honglawan, A., Beller, D. A., Cavallaro, M., Kamien, R. D.*, Stebe, K. J. and Yang, S.*, “Pillar Assisted Epitaxial Assembly of Toric Focal Conic Domains of Smectic-A Liquid Crystals”, Adv. Mater., 2011, 23 (46), 5519-5523. (with supporting information). DOI

Epitaxial LC

  1. Jin, C., Khare, K., Vajpayee, S., Yang, S.*, and Jagota, A.* and Hui, C.-Y. *, “Adhesive contact between a rippled elastic surface and a rigid spherical indenter: from partial to full contact”, Soft Matter, 2011, 7 (22), 10728-10736. DOI
  2. Badre, C.* Chapel, J. P., Yang, S., “Dry and reversible transfer-printing of silica nanoparticles on the top of the PDMS wrinkles”, Soft Matter, 2011, 7, 9886-9889. DOI
  3. Yang, S. "Photonic crystal changes color when exposed to an explosion", SPIE Newsroom, 25 April 2011. DOI: 10.1117/2.1201102.003519.
  4. Karunakaran, R. G., Lu, C.-H., Zhang, Z. H., and Yang, S.*, “Highly Transparent and Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Co-assembly of Nanoparticles (≤ 100 nm)”, Langmuir, 2011, 27 (8), 4594–4602. DOI
  5. Cullen, D. K., Xu, Y., Reneer, D. V., Browne, K. D., Geddes, J. W., Yang, S.*, and Smith, D. H.*, “Color Changing Nano-Crystals Detect Blast Exposure”, NeuroImage, 2011, 54, S37–S44. DOI
  6. Vajpayee, S.†, Khare, K.†, Yang, S., Hui, C.-Y., and Jagota, A.*, “Adhesion Selectivity Using Rippled Surfaces”,Adv. Funct. Mater. 2011, 21 (3), 547–555. DOI. (Both authors contributed equally to this work)
  7. Cullen, D. K., Browne, K. D.,  Xu, Y., Adeeb, S., Wolf, J. A., McCarron R. M., Yang, S., and Smith, D. H.*, “Blast-Induced Color Change in Photonic Crystals Corresponds with Brain Pathology”, J. Neurotrauma, 2011, 28 (11), 2307-2318. DOI


  1. Xu, Y., Guron, M., Zhu, X., Sneddon, L. G.* and Yang, S.*, “Template synthesis of 3D high-temperature silicon-oxycarbide and silicon-carbide ceramic photonic crystals from interference lithographically patterned organosilicates”, Chem. Mater., 2010, 22 (21), pp 5957–5963. DOI
  2. Zhu, X, Liang, G., Xu, Y., Cheng, S.-C., and Yang, S.*,  Fabrication of Size-Scalable 3D Photonic Structures via Dual-beam Multiple Exposure and Its Robustness Study”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B., 2010, 27 (12), 2534-2541. DOI.
  3. Liang, G., Zhu, X., Xu, Y., Li, J. and Yang, S.*, "Holographic Design and Fabrication of Diamond Symmetry Photonic Crystals via Dual-beam Quadruple Exposure", Adv. Mater. 2010, 22(40), 4524–4529. DOI.
  4. Guvendiren, M., Burdick, J. A.*, and Yang, S.*,"Solvent Induced Transition from Wrinkles to Creases in Thin Film Gels with Depth-Wise Crosslinking Gradients", Soft Mater 2010, 6 (22), 5795 - 5801 (themed issue on The Physics of Buckling). DOI
  5. Coll Ferrer, M. C.; Yang, S.; Eckmann, D. M. and Composto, R. J.* "Creating Biomimetic Polymeric Surfaces by Photochemical Attachment and Patterning of Dextran", Langmuir, 2010, 26 (17), 14126–14134. DOI.
  6. Yang, S.*, Khare, K., and Lin, P.-C. “Harnessing Surface Wrinkle Patterns in Soft Matter", Adv. Funct. Mater. 2010, 20 (16) 2550–2564. DOI (invited review)
  7. Chandra, D. and Yang, S.*, "Stability of high-aspect-ratio micropillar arrays against adhesive and capillary forces”, Acc. Chem . Res. 2010 43 (8), 1080-1091. DOI (invited review)
  8. Guvendiren, M., Burdick, J. A.*, and Yang, S.*, "Kinetic Study of Swelling-Induced Surface Pattern Formation and Ordering in Hydrogel Films with Depth-Wise Crosslinking Gradient", Soft Mater. 2010, 6 (9), 2044 – 2049. DOI.
  9. Chandra, D., Yang, S.*, "Response to Comment on Biomimetic Ultrathin Whitening by Capillary-Force-Induced Random Clustering of Hydrogel Micropillar Arrays", ACS Appl. Mater. Interf. 2010, 2 (3), 605-605. DOI
  10. Zhang, Y., Lin, C.-T., Yang,S.*, "Fabrication of Hierarchical Pillar Arrays from Thermoplastic and Photosensitive SU-8", Small, 2010, 6 (6), 768 - 775. DOI.
  11. McConnell, M., Kraeutler, M. J., Yang, S. *, and Composto, R.*, "Patchy and Multiregion Janus Particles with Tunable Optical Properties”, Nano Lett., 2010, 10 (2), 603–609. DOI
  12. Moon, J.* and Yang, S.*, "Chemical Aspects of Three-dimensional Photonic Crystals", Chem. Rev., 2010,110 (1), 547–574. DOI (invited review)



  1. Xu, Y., Zhu, X and Yang, S.*, “Crack-free 3D hybrid microstructures from photosensitive organosilicates as versatile photonic templates”, ACS Nano, 2009 , 3(10), 3251–3259. DOI
  2. Cheng, S.-C.†, Zhu, X.†, and Yang, S.* , Complex 2D Photonic Crystals with Analogue Local Symmetry as 12-fold Quasicrystals, Opt. Express, 2009, 17(19), 16710-16715. (†: equal contribution). URI
  3. Guvendiren, M., Yang, S.*, and Burdick, J. A.*, “Swelling-Induced Surface Patterns in Hydrogels with Gradient Crosslinking Density”, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2009, 19(19), 3038-3045. DOI (Frontispieces)
  1. Chandra, D. and Yang, S.*, "Capillary-force-induced clustering of micropillar arrays: is it caused by isolated capillary bridges or by lateral capillary meniscus interaction force?", Langmuir , 2009, 25 (18), 10430–10434. DOI
  2. Guvendiren, M., Heiney, P., and Yang, S.*, "Precipitated Calcium Carbonate Hybrid Hydrogels: Structural and Mechanical Properties", Macromolecules, 2009, 42 (17), 6606–6613. DOI
  3. Chandra, D., Yang, S.*, Soshinsky, A. A. and Gambogi, R. J. "Biomimetic ultrathin whitening by capillary force induced random clustering of hydrogel micropillar arrays", ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2009, 1 (8), 1698–1704. DOI.
  4. Khare, K., Zhou, J. and and Yang, S.*, "Tunable open-channel microfluidics on soft poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) substrates with sinusoidal grooves", Langmuir, 2009. 25(21), 12794–12799. DOI
  5. McConnell, M., Bassani, A. W., Yang, S. *, and Composto, R.*, "Tunable wetting of nanoparticle decorated polymer films", Langmuir , 2009, 25 (18), 11014–11020. DOI
  6. Zhang, Y.†, Reed, J. C†, and Yang, S.*, "Creating a Library of Complex Metallic Nanostructures via Harnessing Pattern Transformation of a Single PDMS Membrane", ACS Nano, 2009, 3 (8), 2412–2418 . (†: equal contribution). DOI

  1. Moon, J.†, Seo, J. S.,† Xu, Y. and Yang, S.*, "Direct fabrication of 3D silica-like microstructures from epoxy-functionalized polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS)", J. Mater. Chem. 2009, 19, 4687 - 4691 . († : equal contribution). DOI.

  1. Lin, P., and Yang, S.*, "Mechanically Switchable Wetting on the Wrinkled Elastomers with Dual-scale Roughness", Soft Matter , 2009, 5, 1011-1018 . DOI.
  2. Ford, J., Marder, S. R., and Yang, S.* , "Growing ‘nanofruit' textures on photocrosslinked SU-8 surfaces through layer-by-layer grafting of hyperbranched poly(ethyleneimine)", Chem. Mater., 2009, 21(3), 476-483. (with suppl. info.) DOI. It is Highlighted in Lab on a Chip, 2009, 9, 642 - 643, as an article of particular significance/value to miniaturization research.
  3. McConnell, M., Yang, S.*., Composto, R.*, "Covalent nanoparticle assembly onto random copolymer films ", Macromolecules, 2009, 42 (2), 517–523. DOI



  1. Zhu, X., Zhang, Y., Chandra, D., Cheng, S.-C., Kikkawa, J. M. and Yang, S. *, “Two-dimensional photonic crystals with anisotropic unit cells imprinted from poly(dimethylsiloxane) membranes under elastic deformation”, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2008 , 93 (16), 161911. URL
  2. Kang, J.-H., Moon, J. H., Lee, S.-K., Park, S.-G., Jang, S. G., Yang, S., and Yang, S.-M.*, “Thermo-responsive Hydrogel Photonic Crystals by Three-dimensional Holographic Lithography”, Adv. Mater . 2008, 20 , 3061-3065. (with suppl. info.). DOI
  3. Hayek, A.† , Xu, Y.† , Okada, T., Barlow, B., Zhu, X., Moon, J. H., Yang, S.* and Marder, S. R.*, “Poly(glycidyl methacrylate)s with controlled molecular weights as low-shrinkage resins for 3D multibeam interference lithography”, J. Mater. Chem. 2008, 18 (28) , 3316 - 3318. († : equal contribution) DOI
  4. Lin, P., Vajpayee, S., Jagota, A.*, Hui, C.-H., and Yang, S.*, “Mechanically Tunable Dry Adhesive from Wrinkled Elastomers”, Soft Matter, 2008, 4, 1830-1835. (with suppl. info.) DOI
  5. Wang, F., Wang, G., Yang, S. , Li, C., “Layer-by-layer assembly of aqueous dispersible, highly conductive poly(aniline- co -o-anisidine)/poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)/MWNT core-shell nanocomposites, Langmuir, 2008, 24 (11), 5825-5831. DOI.
  6. Tian, F., Yu, Y., Wang, C.*, and Yang, S.*,“ Consecutive Morphological Transitions in Nanoaggregates Assembled from Amphiphilic Random Copolymer via Water-Driven Micellization and Light-Triggered Dissociation”, Macromolecules, 2008, 41 (10), 3385-3388 . DOI
  7. Zhang, Y. Matsumoto, E. A., Peter, A., Lin, P., Kamien, R. D.*, and Yang, S.*, “One-step nanoscale assembly of complex structures via harnessing of an elastic instability”, Nano Lett. 2008 , 8 (4), 1192-1196. DOI.
  8. Chandra, D., Taylor , J. A. and Yang, S.*, “Replica molding of high-aspect-ratio (sub-)micron hydrogel pillar arrays and their stability in air and solvents”, Soft Matter, 2008, 4 , 979-984. DOI.
  9. Guo, G., Qin, F., Yang, D., Wang, C.*, Xu, H., and Yang, S.*, “ Synthesis of Platinum Nanoparticles Supported on Poly(acrylic acid) Grafted MWNTs and Their Hydrogenation of Citral”, Chem. Mater. 2008. 20 ( 6 ), 2291 – 2297. DOI
  10. Xu, Y., Zhu, X., Dan, Y., Moon, J. H., Chen, V. W., Johnson, A. T., Perry, J. W. and Yang, S.* “Electrodeposition of 3D titania photonic crystals from holographically patterned microporous polymer templates”, Chem. Mater. 2008. 20 (5); 1816-1823. DOI



  1. Chandra, D., Lin, P. and Yang, S.*, “Strain responsive concave and convex microlens arrays”, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2007 , 91 , 251912. URL
  2. Zhu, X., Xu, Y. and Yang, S.*, “Distortion of 3D SU8 Photonic Structures Fabricated by Four-beam Holographic Lithography with Umbrella Configuration”, Opt. Express , 2007, 15 , 16546-16560. URL
  3. Ford, J. and Yang, S.*, “Directed Synthesis of Silica Nanoparticles on Micropatterned Hydrogel Templates Tethered with Poly(ethyleneimine)”, Chem. Mater. 2007, 19 (23), 5570-5575. DOI.
  4. Moon, J. H., Kim, A. J., Crocker, J. C. and Yang, S.*, “High-throughput synthesis of anisotropic colloids via holographic lithography”, Adv. Mater., 2007, 19, 2520-2524 . DOI
  5. Lin, P. and Yang, S.*, “Spontaneous formation of 1D ripples in transit to highly-ordered 2D herringbone structures through sequential and unequal biaxial mechanical stretching ”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2007 , 90 , 241903. URL
  6. Moon, J. H., Xu, Y., Dan, Y. Yang, S.-M., Johnson, A. T. and Yang S.*, “Triply periodic bicontinuous structures as templates for photonic crystals: a pinch-off problem”, Adv. Mater. , 2007, 19 , 1510-1514. DOI



  1. Guo, G., Yang, D., Wang, C., Yang, S. “Fishing” polymer brushes on single-walled carbon nanotubes by in situ free radical polymerization in a poor solvent, Macromolecules, 2006, 39, 9035-9040. DOI
  2. Qin, S., Geng, Y. Discher, D. E.* and Yang, S.*, “ Temperature-Controlled Assembly and Release from Polymer Vesicles of Poly(ethylene oxide)-block-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)”, Adv. Mater., 2006, 18 , 2905-2909. DOIHighly cited paper by Web of Sciences as the top 1% of the academic field of Materials Science for the publication year.
  3. Zhang, Y. †, Lo, C.-W. †, Taylor, J. A. and Yang, S.*, “Replica molding Replica Molding of high-aspect-ratio nanopillar arrays with high fidelity”, ( †: equal contribution), Langmuir, 2006, 22, 8595. DOI.
  4. Hong, K.-H., Wang, J., Sharonov, A., Chandra, D., Aizenberg, J. and Yang, S.*, “Tunable Microfluidic Optical Devices with Integrated Microlens Array”, J. Micromech. Microeng., 2006, 16 , 1660. DOI
  5. Moon, J. H.,Dong, W. Adibi, A. Perry, J. W. , Yang, S.-M., Yang, S.* , “ Core-Shell Diamond-like Silicon Photonic Crystals from 3D Polymer Templates Created by Holographic Lithography”, Opt. Express, 2006,14, 6297. DOI
  6. Moon, J. H., Yang, S.*, Yang, S.-M., “Photonic Bandgap Structures of Core-Shell Simple Cubic Crystals from Holographic Lithography”, Appl. Phys. Lett.2006, 88, 121101. DOI
  7. Moon, J. H., Ford, J., Yang, S.*. “Fabricating three-dimensional polymer photonic structures by multi-beam interference lithography”, Polym. Adv. Tech. 2006, 17: 83-93 (invited review). DOI



  1. Moon, J. H., Yang, S., Pine, D. J., Yang, S.-M.,“Translation of interference pattern by phase shift for diamond photonic crystals”, Opt. Express 2005, 13 , 9841. DOI
  2. Wang, J., Chen, Z., Mauk, M., Hong, K-S, Li, M., Yang, S. , and Bau, H., H., “Self-Actuated, Thermo-Responsive Hydrogel Valves for Lab on a Chip”, Biomedical Microdevices 2005 , 7:4, 313-322.
  3. Yang, S.*.; Ford, J.; Ruengruglikit, C.; Huang, Q.; Aizenberg, J. “ Fabrication of Biomimietic microlens arrays from Photoacid Crosslinkable Hydrogels” J. Mater. Chem. 2005 , 15 , 4200-4202. DOI
  4. Moon, J. H., Yang, S.* , “Creating three-dimensional polymeric microstructures by multi-beam interference lithography” J. Macromol. Sci., Part C: ­ Polym. Rev. 2005 , 45 (4), 351-373 . (invited review) DOI
  5. Yang, S.*; Ullal, C. K.; Thomas, E. L.; Chen, G; Aizenberg, J. “Microlens Arrays with Integrated Pores as a Multipattern Photomask”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2005 , 86 , 201121. DOI
  6. Yang, S.*; Chen, G; Megens, M.; Ullal, C. K.; Han, Y.-J.; Rapaport, R.; Thomas, E. L.; Aizenberg, J. “Functional Biomimetic Microlens Arrays with Integrated Pores”, Adv. Mater. 2005 , 17 , 435. DOI.
  7. Fukukawa, K.; Zhu, L.; Gopalan, P.; Ueda, M.; Yang, S.* , “Synthesis and Characterization of Silicon-containing Block Copolymers from Nitroxide-mediated Living Free Radical Polymerization”, Macromolecules, 2005 , 38 , 263-270. DOI.



  1. Jeon, S.; Park, J.-U.; Cirelli, R.; Yang, S. , Heitzman, Carla E.; Braun, Paul V.; Kenis, Paul J. A. and Rogers, J. A. “Fabricating complex three-dimensional nanostructures with high-resolution conformable phase masks”, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2004 , 101 : 12428-12433. DOI
  2. Ullal, C K; Maldovan, M.; Thomas, E. L.; Chen, G; Han, Y.-J.; and Yang, S. “Photonic crystals through holographic lithography: simple cubic, diamond like and gyroid like structures”, Appl. Phys. Lett. 2004 , 84, 5434 . DOI
  3. Krupenkin, T. N.; Taylor, J.A.; Schneider, T. M.; Yang, S. “From Rolling Ball to Complete Wetting on Dynamically Tunable Nanostructured Surfaces”, Langmuir , 2004 , 20 , 3824 (cover of the month). DOI. Highly cited paper according to Web of Sciences as the top 1% of the academic field of Materials Science for the publication year.



  1. Yang, S.*; Mirau, P.; Sun, J. N.; Gidley, D.“Characterization of nanoporous ultra Low-k thin films templated by copolymers with different architectures” Rad. Chem. Phys. 2003 , 68 , 351. DOI
  2. Yang, S.*.; Krupenkin, T. N.; Mach, P. and Chandross, E. A. “Fabrication of tunable and latchable liquid microlens with photopolymerizable components” Adv. Mater. 2003 , 15 (11), 940. DOI
  3. Krupenkin,T. N.; Yang, S. ; Mach, P. “Tunable liquid microlens” Appl. Phys. Lett. 2003 , 82 , 316. DOI
  4. Cattaneo, F.; Baldwin, K.; Yang, S. ; Krupenkin, T. N. and Rogers, J.A. “Digitally Tunable Microfluidic Optical Fiber Devices”, J. Microelectromech. Sys., 2003 , 12, 907 .
  5. Hsieh, J.; Mach, P.; Cattaneo, F.; Yang, S.; Krupenkin, T.; Baldwin K. and Rogers, J. A. “ Tunable microfluidic optical fiber devices based on molded plastic microchannels and electrowetting pumps”, IEEE Photon. Techn. Lett. 2003 , 15 , 81.
  6. Ullal, C. K.; Maldovan, M.; Wohlgemuth, M.; White, C. A.; Yang, S. and Thomas, E. L. “3D periodic biocontinuous structures through interference lithography: a level set approach”, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A ., 2003 , 20 , 948. DOI



  1. Yang, S.*; Horibe, Y.; Chen, C.-H.; Mirau, P.; Tatry, T.; Evans, P.; Grazul, J.and Dufresne , E. M. “Ordered hydrophobic organosilicates templated by block copolymers” Chem. Mater . 2002 , 14 , 5173. DOI
  2. Yang, S.*; Megens, M.; Aizenberg, J.; Wiltzius, P.; Chaikin, P.; Russel, W. “Visible laser-initiated cationic polymerization for multi-beam interference lithography”, Chem. Mater. 2002 , 14 , 2831 . DOI
  3. Yang, S.*; Mirau, P.A.; Pai, C.-S.; Nalamasu, O.; Reichmanis, E.; Pai, J. C.; Obeng, Y. S.; Seputro, J.; Lin, E.; Lee, H.-J.; Sun, J. and Gidley, D. “ Nanoporous ultralow dielectric constant organosilicates templated by triblock copolymers ”, Chem. Mater . 2002 , 14 , 369. DOI
  4. Mirau, P. A. and Yang, S. “Solid state proton NMR characterization of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide random and block copolymer composites with poly(methyl silsesquioxanes)”, Chem. Mater, 2002 , 14 , 249. DOI
  5. Xu, J.; Moxom, J.; Yang, S.; Suzuki, R. and Ohdaira, T. “Porosity in porous methyl-silsesquioxane (MSQ) Films” Appl. Surf. Sci. , 2002 , 194 , 189 . DOI
  6. Xu, J.; Moxom, J.; Yang, S.; Suzuki, R. and Ohdaira, T. “Dependence of porosity in methyl-silsequioxane thin films on molecular weight of sacrificial triblock copolymers”, Chem. Phys. Lett . 2002 , 364, 309. DOI
  7. Mach, P.; Krupenkin, T. N.; Yang, S. and Rogers, J. A. “ Dynamic tuning of optical waveguides with electrowetting pumps and recirculating fluid channels”, Appl. Phys. Lett. , 2002 , 81 , 202. DOI



  1. Yang, S.*; Pai, J. C.; Pai, C.-S.; Dabbagh, G.; Nalamasu, O.; Reichmanis, E.; Seputro, J. and Obeng, Y. S. “Processing and characterization ultra low dielectric constant organosilicates”, J. Vac. Sci. Tech. B. 2001 , 19 , 2155. Link
  2. Yang, S.* ; Mirau, P.A.; Pai, C.-S.; Nalamasu, O.; Reichmanis, E.; Lin, E. and Lee, H.-J.; Gidley, D. and Sun, J. “ Molecular templating of nanoporous ultra low-dielectric constant (~ 1.5) organosilicates by tailoring the microphase separation of triblock copolymers ”, Chem. Mater . 2001 , 13 , 2762. DOI
  3. Koga, T.; Zhou, S.; Chu , B.; Fulton, J. L.; Yang, S.; Ober, C. K. and Erman, B. “New high pressure cell for simultaneous synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering and laser light scattering measurements”, Rev. Sci. Instr. , 2001 , 72 , 2679.



  1. Yang, S.; Wang, J.; Ogino, K.; Valiyaveettil , S.; Ober, C. K. “Low-surface-energy fluoromethacrylate block copolymers with patternable elements”, Chem. Mater. 2000 , 12, 33. DOI
  2. Sundararajan, N.; Yang, S.; Ogino, K.; Valiyaveettil, S.; Wang, J.; Zhou, X.; Ober, C. K.; Obendorf, S. K.; Allen, R. D. “Supercritical CO 2 processing for submicron imaging of fluoropolymers”, Chem. Mater. 2000 , 12, 41. DOI



  1. Crane L.; Torres-Filho, A.; Ober, C. K.; Yang, S.; Chen, J.; Johnson, R. W. “Development of reworkable underfills, materials, reliability and processing”, IEEE Trans. Compon., Packag. Technol. 1999 , 22 (2) , 163.



  1. Yang, S. ; Chen, J.-S.; Körner, H.; Breiner, T.; Ober, C. K. and Poliks, M. D. Reworkable Epoxies: Thermosets with thermally cleavable groups for controlled network breakdown”, Chem. Mater. 1998 , 10 , 1475. DOI


Invited Reviews

  1. Moon, J.* and Yang, S.*, "Chemical Aspects of Three-dimensional Photonic Crystals", Chem. Rev., 2010,110 (1), 547–574. DOI
  2. Yang, S. and Aizenberg, J. “ Microlens Arrays with Integrated Pores”, Nano Today, 2005, 8 (12), Suppl. 1 , 40. (invited review ). Link
  3. Yang, S.Low k dielectric materials from inorganic-organic hybrids”, Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology-Updates , Elsevier Science, 2004 .
  4. Yang, S. “ Linking photonic band gaps”, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed . 2002 , 41 , 2419.


Book Edited

  1. Sanchez, C.; Laine, R.M.; Yang, S. ; Brinker, C.J., eds, Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials—2002, MRS Proceedings Vol. 726.
  2. Yang, S., Xia, Y. N.; Liu, J. and Lakeman , C., eds, Nontraditional Approaches to Patterning , MRS proceedings Vol. EXS-2


Patents: 24 issued, 7 pending

  1. "Porous polymer coating for tooth whitening", US Patent 9,296,846
  2. Patterning Structures Using Deformable Substrates”, US Patent 8,557,341
  3. “Blast Injury Dosimeter”, US Patent 8,400,636
  4. Selective nanoparticle assembly systems and methods”. US Patent 8,475,869
  5. Adhesives With Mechanical Tunable Adhesion”, US Patent 8,372,230
  6. Tunable lithography with a refractive mask”, US Patent 7,927,783
  7. Reversibly Adaptive Rough Micro And Nano-Structures”, US Patent 7,459,197
  8. Organosilicate Materials with Mesoscopic Structures”, US Patent 7,062,142
  9. Organosilicate Materials with Mesoscopic Structures”, US Patent 6,747123.
  10. Tunable micro-lens array”, US Patent 7,297,474
  11. “Tunable micro-lens array”, US Patent 7,253,958
  12. “Tunable micro-lens array”, US Patent 7,106,519
  13. Process for making crystalline structures having interconnected pores and high refractive index contrasts”, US Patent 7,168,266
  14. Patterned structures of high refractive index materials”, US Patent 7,008,757
  15. “Method And Apparatus for Reducing Friction Between A Fluid and A Body”, US Patent 7,156,032
  16. Method And Apparatus for Reducing Friction Between A Fluid and A Body”, US Patent7,455,021
  17. Solidifiable tunable liquid microlens”, US 6,936,196
  18. Optical Waveguide Devices With Electro-Wetting Actuation”, U.S. Patent 6,829415.
  19. Lenses with tunable liquid optical elements”, US Patent 6,891,682
  20. Tunable Field Of View Liquid Microlens”, U.S. Patent 6,778328.
  21. Method And Apparatus For Aligning A Photo-Tunable Microlens”, US Patent 6, 665127.
  22. Tunable Liquid Microlens With The Lubrication Liquid Assisted Electrowetting”, US Patent 6, 545815.
  23. Photo-Tunable Liquid Microlens”, US Patent 6, 545816.
  24. Tunable Liquid Microlens”, US Patent 6, 538823.
  25. “Thermoresponsive Block Copolymer Assemblies for Cold-Controlled Release”.
  26. “Method And Apparatus For Variably Controlling the Movement of A Liquid on A Nanostructured Surface”