Desorption functions (G, H, S) are useful for adsorbent characterization, phase equilibria, and enthalpy and entropy balances. Adsorption isotherms, enthalpy, and entropy are temperature and pressure derivatives of the free energy, so G(T,P) is an adsorption equation-of-state which contains complete thermodynamic information about the system. The free energy of desorption is the minimum isothermal work necessary to regenerate the adsorbent. The free energy of desorption also determines the selectivity of an adsorbent for different gases. The ideal enthalpy of desorption is a simple function of the enthalpies of desorption for the individual components. Sample calculations for the free energy, enthalpy, and entropy desorption functions are provided for pure components and mixtures.
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