Learning to Estimate 3D Human Pose and Shape from a Single Color Image

Georgios Pavlakos       Luyang Zhu       Xiaowei Zhou       Kostas Daniilidis


This work addresses the problem of estimating the full body 3D human pose and shape from a single color image. This is a task where iterative optimization-based solutions have typically prevailed, while Convolutional Networks (ConvNets) have suffered because of the lack of training data and their low resolution 3D predictions. Our work aims to bridge this gap and proposes an efficient and effective direct prediction method based on ConvNets. Central part to our approach is the incorporation of a parametric statistical body shape model (SMPL) within our end-to-end framework. This allows us to get very detailed 3D mesh results, while requiring estimation only of a small number of parameters, making it friendly for direct network prediction. Interestingly, we demonstrate that these parameters can be predicted reliably only from 2D keypoints and masks. These are typical outputs of generic 2D human analysis ConvNets, allowing us to relax the massive requirement that images with 3D shape ground truth are available for training. Simultaneously, by maintaining differentiability, at training time we generate the 3D mesh from the estimated parameters and optimize explicitly for the surface using a 3D per-vertex loss. Finally, a differentiable renderer is employed to project the 3D mesh to the image, which enables further refinement of the network, by optimizing for the consistency of the projection with 2D annotations (i.e., 2D keypoints or masks). The proposed approach outperforms previous baselines on this task and offers an attractive solution for direct prediction of 3D shape from a single color image.


Learning to Estimate 3D Human Pose and Shape from a Single Color Image
Georgios Pavlakos, Luyang Zhu, Xiaowei Zhou, Kostas Daniilidis
Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2018
Invited to 3D HUMANS, CVPR Workshop, 2018   (Best Poster Award)
project page / supplementary / bibtex


 Author = {Pavlakos, Georgios and Zhu, Luyang and Zhou, Xiaowei and Daniilidis, Kostas},
 Title = {Learning to Estimate 3{D} Human Pose and Shape from a Single Color Image},
 Booktitle = {CVPR},
 Year = {2018}}


For any questions regarding this work, please contact the corresponding author at pavlakos@seas.upenn.edu