How do I print and display tex, latex, dvi, and PostScript (ps) files?

The following is a useful list of commands that can be run at the Unix prompt:

tex TeX converts a TeX document into a DVI (Device Independant) document.
latex LaTeX converts a LaTeX document into a DVI (Device Independant) document.
LaTeX is a higher level language built on top of TeX.
xdvi Displays a DVI document on an X display.
dvips Converts a DVI document into a PostScript document.
gs GhostScript and GhostView display a PostScript document on an X display.
ghostview GhostScript and GhostView display a PostScript document on an X display.
lpr Prints a PostScript document.
distill Creates an Acrobat File (.pdf) from a PostScript file.

File Extensions

.tex TeX and LaTeX documents
.dvi Device Independant file type
.ps Adobe PostScript
.pdf Adobe Acrobat format, commonly used for web and publication

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